5 Significant Questions & Answers On Gold


Few Important Points On Gold

Category : General Chemicals
Published by : Data Research Analyst, Worldofchemicals.com

1. What is gold?

Gold is an element with atomic symbol as Au and with atomic number as 79. In its cleanest form, it is a dense, bright, marginally reddish yellow, delicate, malleable, and ductile element.

Chemically, it is a transition element and element of group 11. It is one of the least reactive elements and is solid under standard conditions.

Gold often occurs in free elemental form, as grains, in rocks, in veins, and in alluvial deposits.

Gold has a density of 19.3 g/cm3.Oxidation state of gold ranges from −1 to +5. Gold has been broadly used all through the world as money, for indirect exchange.

2. Why is Gold symbolised as AU?

The English word "Gold" originates from an Anglo-Saxon word "Gohl," thought to signify "yellow, green or shiny.

Gold derives its chemical symbol AU from the Latin word "Aurum", which signifies "Gold". The Latin word for gold refers to the elements colour, which ranges from a light yellow to a shimmery sandstone colour or a deep, rich brazen hue.

3. Where is Gold found on earth?

Gold is available in the crust and mantle in low concentration. Gold is not made but rather found as ore in rocks.

Gold is found all through the earth and sea however there are natural spots where we can recover substantially higher concentration of this yellow metal. Gold is found typically, related with quartz veins which are located in granite and rock in our planet Earth.

Primary often, gold is what is found in rock formations. Secondary, it is found in waterways that have run through these rock and mineral formations.

The biggest known deposits of gold show up on two continents, they are Africa and India. In these two continents, South Africa is the one which has largest concentrations of gold.

4. Who discovered Gold?

Gold was first known to be discovered in California on January 24, 1848. Many individuals in California figured out presence of gold, yet James W. Marshall was the one who on January 24, 1848, noticed some shiny thing near Coloma in Sutter Creek, California. Gold was discovered unexpectedly while he was supervising construction of sawmill on the American River.

5. Where is Gold mainly used?

The world consumption of new gold created is about half the percentage in jewellery, 40 percentage in investment, and 10 percentage in industry.


The most important modern utilization of gold is in the manufacturing of electronic items.

Gold is the greatly effective conductor that can carry these minor currents and stay free of corrosion. Electronic parts made with gold are highly reliable. Gold is used as a part of connectors, switches, connection strip, soldered joints, connecting wires.

A little amount of gold is used almost in every complex electronic device. This includes calculators, cell phones, global positioning system (GPS) units, and other small electronic gadgets. Most large electronic appliances, for example, TVs also contain gold.

Gold is used as a part of many places in the standard desktop or laptop.

Commercial chemistry

Gold dissolves in alkaline solutions of potassium, to form the salt cyanide. It is a technique that has been used in metallic gold extraction. Gold cyanide is a electrolyte utilized in electroplating of gold on top of base metals and electroforming.

Gold chloride solutions are used to create colloidal gold. Gold chloride and gold oxide are used to make red-colored glasses, which contains consistently sized sphere-shaped gold nanoparticles.


Metallic and gold compounds have been used for a long time for medicinal purposes.

Gold is used as a medication to treat few medical conditions.

In the nineteenth century, gold had a reputation for being a "Nervine" a treatment for nervous disorders. Depression, epilepsy, headache and glandular issues, such as impotence and amenorrhea were dealt with gold. And, most notably alcoholism has been dealt with gold.

Little quantity of gold is used to cure a condition known as lagophthalmos, which is a failure of a man to close their eyes completely.

Radioactive gold is used as a part of diagnosis.

Gold is known to have been used as a part of dentistry; in early as 700 B.C. Gold alloys are used for bridges, fillings, crowns and orthodontic appliances. Gold is used as a part of dentistry since it is chemically inert, no allergenic and simple for the dental specialist to work.

Food and drink

Gold can be used as a part of food and has the E number 175.

Gold leaf drop or dust is used on and in some gourmet foods, mainly in sweets and beverages as ingredient for decoration & garnishing.

Since, metallic gold is inert to all body science, it has no taste, it gives no nutrition and it leaves the body unaltered.

6. What are some important facts about Gold?

• Atomic number: 79 and atomic symbol: AU.

• Atomic Weight: 196.9665.

• Density: 19.3 grams for each cubic centimetre.

• Phase at Room Temperature: Solid.

• Melting Point: 1,947.7 degrees Fahrenheit (1,064.18 degrees C) and Boiling Point: 5,162 degrees F (2,850 degrees C).

• Number of isotopes: Between 18 and 59, contingent upon where the line for an isotope is drawn.

• Most basic isotopes: Au-197, which makes up 100 percent of naturally gold.

Gold is malleable, making it a better metalworking material. Gold conducts electricity, doesn’t tarnish.

• 2/3rd of the world's gold is mined in South Africa, as per Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.

• 78 percent of the world's yearly supply of gold is used as a part of jewellery, as per the AMNH. The rest goes to electronics, dental and medicinal uses. 

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