Chemicals

Camphene

Molecule 3D Structure Image
Molecule Structure Image

Description

 

Camphene is bicyclic monoterpene. It volatilizes readily at room temperature and has a pungent smell. It is a minor constituent of many essential oils such as turpentine, cypress oil, camphor oil, citronella oil, neroli, ginger oil, and valerian. It is produced industrially by catalytic isomerization of the more common alpha-pinene. It is used in the preparation of fragrances and as a food additive for flavoring. Its mid-19th century use as a fuel for lamps was limited by its explosiveness.

Chemical Properties

Appearance White solid
Boiling Point 159 °C
CAS Number 79-92-5
ChEBI 3830
Density 0.842 g/cm3
EINECS Number 201-234-8
IUPAC Name 2,2-Dimethyl-3-methylene-bicyclo[2.2.1]heptane
InChI 1S/C10H16/c1-7-8-4-5-9(6-8)10(7,2)3/h8-9H,1,4-6H2,2-3H3
InChIKey CRPUJAZIXJMDBK-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Melting Point 45-46 °C
Molar Mass 136.24 g/mol
Molecular Formula C10H16
RTECS Number EX1055000
Refractive 1.4551
Synonyms Camphene;3,3-Dimethyl-2-methylenenorcamphene;3, 3-Dimethyl-2-methylenenorbornane;2,2-Dimethyl-3-methylenebicyclo [2.2.1] heptane
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