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Chemicals

Ethylene

Molecule 3D Structure Image
Molecule Structure Image

Description

 

Ethylene is a gaseous organic compound. It is the simplest alkene. It is widely used in industry and is also a plant hormone. It acts at trace levels throughout the life of the plant by stimulating or regulating the ripening of fruit, the opening of flowers, and the abscission (or shedding) of leaves. Ethylene is oxidized to produce ethylene oxide, a key raw material in the production of surfactants and detergents by ethoxylation. Ethylene undergoes polymerization to polyethylene, a plastic material having many uses, particularly in packaging films, wire coatings, and squeeze bottles.

Chemical Properties

Acidity 44
Appearance Colourless Gas
Boiling Point -103.7 °C
CAS Number 74-85-1
ChEBI 18153
Density 1.178 kg/m3
EINECS Number 200-815-3
IUPAC Name Ethene
InChI 1S/C2H4/c1-2/h1-2H2
InChIKey VGGSQFUCUMXWEO-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Melting Point -169.2 °C
Molar Mass 28.05 g/mol
Molecular Formula C2H4
Molecular Shape D2h
NFPA 704 H-1,F-4,R-2,C-NA
Related Compounds Ethane;Acetylene
Solubility 3.5 mg/100 ml
Synonyms Ethene; Acetene; Bicarburretted Hydrogen; Elayl;Olefiant Gas; Athylen; Liquid Ethyene; Un 1038;Un 1962
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