Frederick Mark Becket – pioneer in electrometallurgy

Frederick Mark Becket – pioneer in electrometallurgy

Category : Personalities
Published by : Data Research Analyst, Worldofchemicals.com

Biography & contributions

Frederick Mark Becket was Canadian metallurgist born on January 11, 1875 – died on December 01, 1942. Becket developed a process of using silicon instead of carbon as a reducing agent in metal production.

Becket was the winner of certain medals and awards like Perkin Medal in the year 1924, Edward Goodrich Acheson Medal in the year 1937.

He discovered and developed the process for reducing ores by silicon, the production of ferro-vanadium on a commercial scale, the production of molybdenum by direct smelting and increased the manufacture of calcium carbide to a much larger scale. Becket pioneered in the use of the electric furnace in the production of ferrovanadium, ferromanganese, ferromolybdenum, ferrotungsten, and low-carbon ferrochromium, an essential ingredient of stainless steel.

Facts about ferromanganese

Ferromanganese is used in producing steel for being an excellent deoxidizer and desulfurizer. It is a ferroalloy with high content of manganese, is made by heating a mixture of the oxides manganese dioxide and ferric oxide with carbon in either a blast furnace or a submerged arc furnace.

Facts about ferromolybdenum

Ferromolybdenum is the main source for molybdenum alloying of HSLA steel. It is an important iron-molybdenum alloy, with a molybdenum content of 60-75%. The countries that currently rank first in the manufacturing of Ferro Molybdenum are China, USA and Chile, with the three countries taking a share of almost 80% of the world’s molybdenum ore production.

It is primarily used in the manufacturing of stainless steel and special steels to which it basically confers corrosion resistance and, due to the fact of having one of the highest melting points (2,623°C), hardening as resistance as well. Ferromolybdenum most common use is as a raw material for the manufacturing of several ferrous alloys of different types of items based on their content of molybdenum, such as machinery, military equipment, piping for process plants, drilling tools, etc. It is also frequently used in the manufacturing of stainless steels and steels for high temperature appliances such as in heat exchangers, equipment for chemical processing plants, etc.

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