Vladimir Nikolayevich synthesized chemical compound called isoprene

Vladimir Nikolayevich Ipatieff – modern petroleum chemist

Category : Personalities
Published by : Data Research Analyst, Worldofchemicals.com

Biography & contributions

Vladimir Nikolayevich Ipatieff was a Russian and American chemist born on November 21,1867 – died on November 29, 1952. Ipatieff was initially investigated high-pressure catalytic reactions of hydrocarbons. Ipatieff developed several methods for petroleum refinery. He synthesized chemical compound called isoprene.

Isoprene applications

Isoprene is a Crude C5 mixture such as the C5 Diene Crude product and it is also produced as a by-product stream of ethylene manufacturing process. It is used in manufacturing of polyisoprenes. Isoprene also used in medical equipment, baby bottle nipples, toys, shoe soles, tires, elastic films and threads for golf balls or textiles. Other uses include adhesives, paints and coatings.

Petroleum refinery process

Petroleum is a complex mixture of organic liquids called crude oil and natural gas, which occurs naturally in the ground and was formed millions of years ago. Petroleum refining processes are the chemical engineering processes and other facilities used in petroleum refineries (also referred to as oil refineries) to transform crude oil into useful products such as liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), gasoline or petrol, kerosene, jet fuel, diesel oil and fuel oils. Petroleum refineries are very large industrial complexes that involve many different processing units and auxiliary facilities

Processes involved in petroleum refinery

  • Atmospheric Distillation
  • Vacuum Distillation
  • Fluid Catalytic Cracking
  • Catalytic Reforming
  • Alkylation
  • Hydrocracking
  • Hydrotreating
  • Residuum Desulfurizing
  • Coking

End products of petroleum refinery

Liquid petroleum gas

Gasoline - A refined petroleum distillate, normally boiling within the ranges of 30 to 300 C, suitable as a fuel in spark-ignited internal combustion engines. Kerosene - A refined petroleum distillate, intermediate in volatility between gasoline and heavier gas oils used as fuels in some diesel engines. It is often used as home heating fuel and also as automotive fuel.

Jet fuels - Specially blended grades of petroleum distillate suitable for use in jet engines, These fuels have high stability, low freezing points, and overall high volatility.

Petroleum naphtha

Asphalt

Tar

Petroleum coke

Grease

Carbon black

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