What Are Water Treatment Chemicals | Chemistry Articles

Water treatment chemicals, a modern approach for safe drinking water

Category : General Chemicals
Published by : Data Research Analyst, Worldofchemicals.com

“Millions lived without love, none without water!” This dihydrogen infused oxygen molecule forms the basis of all living forms on Earth. Whether it’s for cooking or basic sanitation needs, the role of water remains irreplaceable as the entire human survival depends on water. It is estimated that about 3.4 million of the world’s population die every year due to deprived access to clean drinking water. Providing safe drinking water remains a global challenge, for which only chemistry has a solution. Being a boon to the mankind, the chemical industries have come up with various water treatment chemicals which will improve access to clean drinking water.

What are water treatment chemicals?

Water treatment chemicals definition can be given in two lines, however, that isn’t ample & would be arbitrary if done. Let’s have a brief introduction on what has made us rely on water treatment chemicals.  

Contemporarily, the demand for safe and fresh water is consistently rising, owing to satisfy the human needs and to support the industrial activities. With the increasing urbanization and economic development, the current water supply is unlikely to satisfy the ever growing demands. Hence, the chemical industry uses the innovative ways of water treatment in order to make water acceptable for end-use, such as drinking, cooking, irrigation and industrial purpose to name a few. The water treatment methods use four basic processes that include boiler water treatment, cooling water treatment, water purification and treatment of wastewater effluent. The substances that are removed during the water treatment process are suspended solids, viruses, fungi, bacteria, algae, and minerals. The process involves both physical and chemical methods. The chemical used in this process are called water treatment chemicals.

Common water treatment chemicals


The most commonly used chemicals for water treatment process are:

  1. Algicide

  2. Chlorine
  3. Chlorine dioxide
  4. Muriatic acid
  5. Soda ash or Sodium bicarbonate

In additions to the above chemicals, there are numerous other water treatment chemicals used. Coagulants, flocculants, clarifiers and filter cleaners also form an important part of water treatment methods.

Embracing the future water treatment industry

The water treatment industry is playing an important role in providing clean water globally and prevents various water-related diseases. With the innovative boiler water treatment chemicals and other related chemicals, water from the sea, polluted rivers, and wastewater effluents can now be made safe for human consumption. CeraMac at Andijk II, Netherlands have designed and developed a membrane, which unlike the traditional membranes, offers advanced water filtration. Meanwhile, PWN Technologies a water treatment giant is involved in research to emerge with a unique water treatment solution that’ll help reduce the global water crises. They use the technology that involves suspended ion exchange, ceramic membrane applications, and advanced oxidation.

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