6 Imperative Facts You Should Know About Carbon | WorldOfChemicals

All That You Need To Know About Carbon Element

Facts About Carbon

1. What is carbon?

Carbon is the 15th most plentiful element on the Earth's crustand is abundant in the Sun, stars, comets, and in  atmospheres of most of the planets. It is a soft element and dull grey or black in color.

Its name is derived from a Latin word carbo which means "charcoal".

Carbon is a chemical element with atomic symbol C and atomic number 6.The atoms of carbon, bonds together in different ways which is termed as allotropes of carbon. The best known allotropes are graphite and diamond.

The most common oxidation state in inorganic compounds of carbon is +4, whereas in carbon monoxide +2 is found.Carbon is known to form almost ten million different compounds.

2. How is the composition of Carbon in the environment?

Carbon and its components are extensively distributed in nature.

Pure crystalline carbon is present in the form of diamond and graphite. Free carbon is present in big reservoirs in form of hard coal.The Earth's atmosphere contains continuous increasing concentration of carbon dioxide and monoxide.

All plants and living animals are formed by organic compounds where carbon is combined with hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen and other various elements. The natural gas deposits contains compounds formed by carbon and hydrogen.

3.What are few important Chemical properties of carbon?

  • Carbon is a group 14 and p-block element.

  • Atomic number: 6.

  • Atomic mass: 12.011 g/mol

  • Density: 2.2 g.cm-3 at 20 degree Celsius.

  • Boiling point: 4827 degree Celsius.

  • Melting Point: 3652 degree Celsius.

  • Isotopes: 3 (12C, 13C, 14C).

  • It have 6 electrons, 6 neutrons and 6 protons.

  • Carbon compounds, give 4 reactions these are Combustion reaction, oxidation reaction, substitution and addition reactions.

4.What are some interesting facts about carbon?

  • It is the basis for organic chemistry, because it is present in all living organisms.

  • Carbon can bond with itself, it’s a non-metal. Pure form of carbon is non-toxic.

  • Carbon can take the form of one of the softest substance, Graphite or the form of one of the hardest substance, Diamond.

  • It forms three gaseous components with the oxygen: carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO2) and carbon sub oxide (C3O2).

  • Carbon is said to be made in the stars interiors.

  • All the forms of carbon are in solid form under normal temperatures and pressure.

5.What is Carbon utilized in today’s world?

The main economic use of carbon other than in food and wood is in the form of hydrocarbons.

Plastics are made from synthetic carbon polymers. Graphite is combined with clays to form the pencil’s lead. It is also used as a lubricant, as a moulding material in glass manufacturing.

It is used for iron smelting, for artwork. It is used for production of heat and energy in the form of wood, coal or oil. Used for decorationpurposes of diamonds in jewellery. It is used for cutting and drilling also.

It is also used in fire extinguishers.

6.When and who discovered Carbon?

It was first documented as an element in the 2nd half of the 18th century by a French physicist Rene Antoine Ferchault Reaumur.

In 1772, Antoine Lavoisier demonstrated that diamonds are a form of carbon and in 1855, Benjamin Brodie discovered graphite, is carbon as well.A new carbon allotrope, fullerene was discovered in 1985.

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