Redox Reaction In Organic Chemistry | WorldOfChemicals

Prominence of Redox reaction in organic chemistry

Category : General Chemicals
Published by : Data Research Analyst,

Chemical reactions in which the oxidation states or oxidation numbers of the atoms are reformed is known as oxidation-reduction reaction. These reactions are also known as redox reactions, which is short form for reduction-oxidation reaction. Oxidation is the process of losing of electrons throughout a reaction by a molecule an atom or an ion. Oxidation arises when the oxidation state of a molecule, atom or ion is higher. The contrast process is known as reduction, which happens when the electrons are gained or when oxidation state of an atom, molecule, or ion lowers.

An example for redox reaction is as follows:

2 Al +3 Br2 -> Al2Br6

In this reaction Bromine is been oxidized and Aluminum is being reduced

Why is Redox reaction important?

Redox reactions are a vital class of chemical reactions confronted in daily processes. These reactions take place all around us. Iron corrodes, batteries produce electricity, and wood, oil and coal which are hydrocarbon fuels are scorched to produce energy. Oxidation-reduction reactions are significant for biochemical reactions and industrial procedures.

The system in cells that transfers electron and the process of oxidation of glucose in the humans are common examples of redox reactions. Using redox reactions the ores are condensed to attain metals, to manufacture electrochemical cells, to transform ammonia into nitric acid for fertilizers and also compact discs coating.

What happens during Redox reaction?

Oxidation in general is the losing of electrons or hydrogen or gain of oxygen or increase in oxidation state Reduction involves the gain of electrons or hydrogen or loss of oxygen or decrease in oxidation state.

Redox reactions are immensely common in nature, particularly in oxidizing the metals and other minerals. Oxidation reactions were initially named when the bonding of oxygen which was because oxygen gas was first known as oxidizing agent. The word was soon rephrased to any reaction in which any chemical losses their electrons another chemical.

Foreseeing a redox reaction is based on the oxidation number of a given element or chemical compound. The most recurrent chemical is basic oxygen, which has an oxidation number of minus 2. To equalize a redox reaction relating oxygen, the chemical that is the reducing agent must have a positive oxidation number.

Real time illustration of Redox reaction

The rusting of iron is a common redox reaction. During oxidation process iron metal reacts with moist air to form hydrated iron oxide. Though aluminum oxide which provides a protective coating, iron oxide fragments off at the surface, revealing more iron throughout the oxidation process. Ultimately, the iron loses its structural form because of corrosion.

Interesting fact about Redox Reaction

The modern studies of oxidation and reduction reaction concerns on electrons. Addition of electrons is known as reduction in a molecule since the total charge is been reduced, which means if more electrons are added the compound turn more negative. While in oxidation the compound losses electrons. So simply put one compound losses electrons while the other gains.

“To remember which chemical species is oxidized and which is reduced is to remember OIL RIG. It states Oxidation is losing and reduction is gaining”.