Applications Oleo Chemicals industry - WorldOfChemicals

An Outlook to the Oleo Chemicals industry

Category : General Chemicals
Published by : Data Research Analyst,

The basic oleo chemical are formed from substances like fatty acids, fatty acid methyl esters (FAME), alcohols, amines and glycerol are by distinct chemical and enzymatic reactions. Some chemical substances formed from fundamental oleo chemical substances also include alcohol ethoxylates, alcohol sulphates, alcohol ether sulphates and quaternary ammonium salts, monoacylglycerols (MAG), diacylglycerols (DAG), structured triacylglycerols (TAG), sugar esters, and other oleo chemical products.

Manufacturing Process of Oleo Chemicals

1.Hydrolysis Process: Oleo chemicals are manufactured by splitting up oils or fats by the process of hydrolysis. This process forms fatty acids and glycerin while alcoholysis produces fatty acid esters and glycerine.

2.Transesterification: Fats responds with alcohols instead of water in a process known as transesterification. Glycerol is formed along with the fatty acid esters. Usually, the reaction involves the use of methanol to form fatty acid methyl esters.

3. Hydrogenation: The similar processes entailed to further that alter fatty acid or fatty acid esters are hydrogenation. This process is further done for the alteration of unsaturated fatty acids into saturated fatty acids.

Application of Oleo Chemicals

  • The biggest function or industrial application of oleo chemicals that has about major share for fatty acids and fatty acids esters is for manufacturing soaps and detergents. Lauric acid utilized in the production of sodium lauryl sulphate and related compounds, which are used to manufacture soaps.

  • Other industrial applications of oleo chemicals incorporate the manufacturing of lubricants, solvents, biodiesel and plastics. Because of the operation of methyl esters in biodiesel production, they remain the top growing sub-sector of oleo chemical production in recent years.

  • They can also be applied in greases, textiles, rubber, drying oil, paints & coating, surface coatings, biodiesel, plastics, among many others. Nowadays, polyamide and polyols is also being produced using oleo chemical that are used in producing polyurethane, a main raw material for fabric industry.

  • Oleo chemicals are significant raw material for polymeric resins especially alkyd based since it is of possible functional group. These alterations are of reaction of vegetable oil with surplus glycerol to get monoglyceride.

  • This is further converted into polymeric resins which are called alkyds by reacting with dicarboxylic acids or anhydrides. The polyesteramide resins are also manufactured by means of vegetable oil as an oleochemical.