Alfred Bernhard Invented Dynamite,Blasting Cap and Detonator,Smokeless Gun Powder

Alfred Bernhard Nobel – inventor of dynamite & Nobel Prize

Alfred Bernhard

Biography & contributions

Alfred Bernhard Nobel, a Swedish chemist, engineer, innovator born on October 21, 1833 – died on December 10, 1833. Alfred was considered as the greatest inventor of Nobel prizes, dynamite, blasting gelatin and detonator and also conducted experiments with nitroglycerin.

The synthetic periodic table element nobelium was named after him.

Facts about nitroglycerin

Nitroglycerin chemically said to be organic nitrate compound rather than a nitro compound. It is an explosive compound formed by the combination of glycerol and nitric and sulfuric acids.

Nitroglycerin was first synthesized in 1864 by chemist Ascanio Sobrero, it was later adopted as a commercially useful explosive by Alfred Nobel.

Nitroglycerin belongs to the group of medicines called nitrates. It works by relaxing the blood vessels and increasing the supply of blood and oxygen to the heart while reducing its workload.

Nitroglycerin spray and tablets are used to treat episodes of angina in people who have coronary artery disease. Nitroglycerin extended-release (long-acting) capsules are used to prevent episodes of angina in people who have coronary artery disease.

The extended-release capsules can only be used to prevent angina attacks. Nitroglycerin is in a class of medications called vasodilators. It works by relaxing the blood vessels so the heart does not need to work as hard and therefore does not need as much oxygen.

Facts about gelignite

Gelignite is an explosive material consisting of collodion-cotton dissolved in either nitroglycerine or nitroglycol and mixed with wood pulp and saltpeter. Gelignite does not suffer from the dangerous problem of sweating, the leaking of unstable nitroglycerine from the solid matrix. Its composition makes it easily moldable and safe to handle without protection.

Facts about nobelium

Nobelium is a synthetic chemical element of the actinoid series of the periodic table. Nobelium is created by nuclear bombardment and has only been produced in miniscule amounts. Nobelium can be produced by irradiating a californium-249 target with carbon-12 ions.

Nobelium has 12 isotopes whose half-lives are known, with mass numbers 250 to 262. Nobelium has no naturally occurring isotopes. Its longest lived isotopes are 259No with a half-life of 51.5 minutes, 255No, with a half-life of 31.8 minutes and 253No with a half-life of 1.7 minutes.

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