Floor Cleaner: Guide | Types | Chemistry - WorldOfChemicals

Floor Cleaner: Types and Chemistry

Category : General Chemicals
Published by : Data Research Analyst, Worldofchemicals.com

Introduction

Our floors are designed to withstand a variety of elements from furniture movement, pet movement, heavy foot traffic to kids’ activities. Moreover, we invest a small fortune on floors during the interior work of our homes. Therefore, we would want to take good care of them so that they last for a long time. Floor management is a broad affair which is employed not only at our homes, but also in industries, institutions and commercial places.


Floors require daily cleaning due the quick buildup of grime, dirt, spills, mud and more. They must be kept clean so that they are aesthetic and at the same time free from the accumulation and spread of germs and debris through the rest of the place.

 

Types of Floor Cleaners

 

Different types of floor cleaners are required for different types of floors which are as follows: 

 

  • Multipurpose cleaners are ideal for all types of water-resistant floor surfaces such as vinyl, marbles, tiles, terrazzo and epoxy coated floors. However not suitable for wooden floor surfaces. They are moderately basic in nature with a pH range of 9 to 10.
  • Neutral floor cleaners can be used not only for all types of floor surfaces but are also for ideal for widows, mirrors, tiles and other glazed surfaces except wooden surfaces. They are neutral or slightly basic in nature with a pH range of 7 to 8.
  • Heavy duty degreasers are great for the removal of heavy scale deposits for industrial floors. They are strongly basic in nature with a pH range of 12 to 13.

 

Chemical Composition
 

Floor cleaning compositions consist of an aqueous emulsion of a terpolymer. In terms of weight percentage, the composition consists of is 51% methyl methacrylate, 31% butyl acrylate and 18% acrylic acid, where terpolymer is an addition polymer. The essential constituents have a specific surfactant and the ratio by weight of terpolymer to surfactant is 80:20. Solvents like ammonia and ethylene glycol mono-butyl ether are important in order to solubilize the terpolymer. The final essential constituent is water in a large proportion. Optional additives can also be added based on the requirement. 

 

Working Principle of Floor Cleaners

 

All cleaning chemicals have two basic principles, which is physical removal and pH.


Physical removal is the decontamination process where pathogens are removed from the surfaces and at the same time their growth is inhibited through the removal of their food sources. The task is accomplished through the removal of contaminants as they are no longer able to affect the surface.

This physical removal process can be accomplished through the alteration of the contaminates chemical state. This is where pH plays an important role in cleaning. This principle begins with water. The pH of pure water is 7. In order to kill bacteria or for removal of soils, their pH must be altered. The chemical makeup and pH of the cleaning solution will depend upon the type of contaminants present on the surfaces.