Utilization of Carbon in Chemical Industry - WorldOfChemicals

How Carbon Utilization is Important in Chemical Industry?

Carbon dioxide

The quantity of carbon dioxide available for industrial utilisation may broaden to unprecedented levels when the recovery of carbon dioxide from energy plants flue gases will be implemented.


Effective Uses of Carbon

1. Exploitation of carbon without conversion, where the CO2 is utilized for its physical possessions. It is the case for better oil recovery, the gas is induced into an oil well to take out the crude and deplete the field. Captured CO2 is moreover is used in existing industrial applications, for instance, to generate the bubbles in carbonated drinks, the foam in fire extinguishers and refrigerants, and also in the pharmaceutical industry and water treatment. Carbon dioxide is in its critical state which can be used to produce solvents. Taken as a whole, these sectors consume most of the carbon dioxide.

2. The chemical is also utilized for reaction with another compound. Nowadays, the chief chemical utilization of CO2 is to manufacture urea, a compound extensively made use in farming as a nitrogen fertilizer.CO2 can be exploited to manufacture salicylic acid, a medication which derives aspirin. It also functions in the manufacturing processes for polycarbonate, a high-performance plastic utilized to make optical lenses, CDs, DVDs, contact lenses and other products. For polymethane, CO2 applications include in foams and rubbers. Supplementing to that, major progress has been made in R&D into mineralization and carbonation of CO2, particularly to strengthen concrete.


3. Biological utilization, by the process of photosynthesis within biological organisms for instance microalgae, that requires huge amounts of CO2 to develop. Microalgae cultivation has now attained commercial maturity, by yielding small and high value-added compounds of pigments, omega 3 and other products. CO2 is also a good prospect for biological utilization in the animal feed and specialty chemicals industries. Further by the next decade, this approach or method also holds assurance for biofuel production, which is a field of interest for the aviation sector but caught up or hindered by the cost of development.


Above all, the researchers are developing a lot of hope in the production of various energy commodities such as methanol and formic acid, using a broad continuum of processes ranging from hydrogenation, reforming and electrolysis to photoelectrocatalysis and thermochemical conversion.


With the volumes, CO2 are potentially vast, where the process requires hydrogen. Additionally, to effectively decrease CO2, the hydrogen must be produced devoid of generating any carbon emissions, which are very costly. The same issue takes place with anaerobic fermentation also known as methanation, whereby CO2 is shared with hydrogen to form methane (ch4), or natural gas. This process needs to be economically viable and also cost-effective to implement.

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