Fritz Haber Father Of Chemical Warfare | Fritz Haber Discovered Haber Process | Discovered Chlorine Gas Chemical Weapon

Fritz Haber – father of chemical warfare

Article On Fritz Haber

Biography & contributions

Fritz Haber was a German chemist and Nobel laureate born on December 09, 1868 - died on January 29, 1934. He was described as the father of chemical warfare.In 1918 He received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his development for synthesizing ammonia.

Haber, along with Max Born described the Born-Haber cycle as a metho.

Haber researched and developed on following methods and products

  • Combustion reactions
  • Separation of gold from sea water
  • Adsorption effects
  • Electrochemistry
  • Free Radical research
  • Deployment of chlorine gas [chemical weapon]
  • Gas masks

Haber in collaboration with Cremer invented the glass electrode

He discovered a method for synthesizing nitrogen-based fertilizers and for explosives called Haber-Bosch process/Haber process

Haber process

The Haber process is the production of ammonia from a reaction between nitrogen and hydrogen, because of an iron substitute. This process is known for the commercial synthesis of ammonia.

N2 + 3 H2 → 2 NH3

Haber discovered the conditions for the formation of ammonia, and Bosch discovered the work of high-pressure on chemical reactions so, it is also called as Haber - Bosch process.

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