Humectants Retains preserves moisture food skin tobacco products coatings

Humectants

xylitol

Xylitol is a sugar alcohol sweetener used as a naturally occurring sugar substitute. It is found in the fibers of many fruits and vegetables, including various berries, corn husks, oats, and mushrooms.It is used as a sweetener in chewing gums and pastilles.

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Sorbitol

Sorbitol is a sugar alcohol that the human body metabolizes slowly. It can be obtained by reduction of glucose, changing the aldehyde group to a hydroxyl group. It is found in apples, pears, peaches, and prunes. It is synthesized by sorbitol-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, and converted to fructose by succinate dehydrogenase and sorbitol dehydrogenase. It is often used in diet foods, mints, cough syrups, and sugar-free chewing gum. It can be used as a non-stimulant laxative via an oral suspension or enema, and like other sugar alcohols with the exception of erythritol, may cause inadvertent GI distress when consuming food products with sorbitol in excess. It works by drawing water into the large intestine, thereby stimulating bowel movements. Sorbitol, combined with kayexalate, helps the body rid itself of excess potassium ions in a hyperkalaemic state. The kayexalate exchanges sodium ions for potassium ions in the bowel, while sorbitol helps to eliminate it. Sorbitol often is used in modern cosmetics as a humectant and thickener. It is used in mouthwash and toothpaste.

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Triacetin

Triacetin is the triester of glycerol and acetic acid. It is an artificial chemical compound, commonly used as a food additive, for instance as a solvent in flavourings, and for its humectant function. It is also a component of casting liquor with TG and as an excipient in pharmaceutical products where it is used as a humectant, a plasticizer, and as a solvent. It can also be used as a fuel additive as an antiknock agent which can reduce engine knocking in gasoline, and to improve cold and viscosity properties of biodiesel.

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Corn Syrup

Corn syrup is a food syrup, which is made from the starch of maize and composed mainly of glucose. Corn syrup is used in foods to soften texture, add volume, prevent crystallization of sugar, and enhance flavor. Corn syrup is distinct from high-fructose corn syrup, created when corn syrup undergoes enzymatic processing that produces a sweeter compound containing higher levels of fructose.

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Erythritol

Erythritol is a natural sugar alcohol .It occurs naturally in fruits and fermented foods.It is a unique low calorie bulk sweetener.It is also used in polymers, fine chemicals and pharmaceutical intermediates.

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Polydextrose

Polydextrose is a food ingredient classified as soluble fiber and is frequently used to increase the non-dietary fiber content of food, replace sugar, reduce calories and reduce fat content.

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Sodium Malate

Sodium malate is the sodium salt of malic acid. It is used as an acidity regulator in the food industry.

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Propylene Glycol

Propylene Glycol is an organic compound. Large amount of it is used in the plastics industry for the manufacture of polyester fibers and alkyd resins. It is used as a main ingredient in automobile antifreeze and engine-cooling liquids and in brake and hydraulic fluids due to its useful properties of low freezing point, involatility and low corrosive activity. It is used in the preparation of body-care surfactants and also as a humectant in foods and cosmetics. It is used as a solvent for colouring or flavouring agents as well as in many oral, injectable or topical pharmaceuticals. Its antibacterial property is applied in the preparation of sanitizing lotions.

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Sodium (S)-Lactate

Sodium (S)-Lactate is a natural food additive, used as synergist antioxidant, emulsifier, humectant, as the cosmetics industry.

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Glycerol Ricinoleate

Glycerol Ricinoleate is the monoester of glycerol and ricinoleic acid.It works in non-drying emulsifying agent, solvent, plasticizers in polishes, in cosmetics, in textile, paper and leather processing, low temperature lubricant. It stabilizes latex paints against breakdown due to repeated freeze thaws.

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