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Chromic Chloride

Chromic chloride is used as the precursor to many inorganic compounds of chromium. It has also been used as a Lewis acid in organic reactions.

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Chromium

Chromium was discovered by Louis Nicolas Vauquelin in the mineral crocoite in 1797. It was regarded with great interest because of its high corrosion resistance and hardness. A major development was the discovery that steel could be made highly resistant to corrosion and discoloration by adding chromium to form stainless steel. This application, along with chrome plating are currently the highest-volume uses of the metal. Chromium(III) salts are used in the tanning of leather. The high heat resistivity and high melting point makes chromite and chromium(III) oxide a material for high temperature refractory applications, like blast furnaces, cement kilns, molds for the firing of bricks and as foundry sands for the casting of metals. In these applications, the refractory materials are made from mixtures of chromite and magnesite. The use is declining because of the environmental regulations due to the possibility of the formation of chromium(VI).

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Chromium Nitrate

Chromium Nitrate is produced by the reaction of nitric acid with a chromium salt. Chromium Nitrate has a wide range of uses in metal treatment and plating, catalysts and as a cross linking agent in adhesive manufacture,used in manufacture of glass, for ceramic underglaze, corrosion inhibitor and mordant in printing.

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Chromium Potassium Sulfate

Chromium potassium sulfate is used in textile dye, photography, ceramics, and for the preparation of chromium standard solutions.

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Cinnamaldehyde

Cinnamaldehyde is the organic compound that gives cinnamon its flavor and odor. This pale yellow viscous liquid occurs naturally in the bark of cinnamon trees and other species of the genus Cinnamomum. The essential oil of cinnamon bark is about 90% cinnamaldehyde. The most obvious application for cinnamaldehyde is as flavoring in items like chewing gum, ice cream, candy, and beverages range from 9 to 4900ppm. It is also used in some perfumes of natural, sweet, or fruity scents. Cinnamaldehyde is also used as a fungicide. Another use for cinnamaldehyde is as an antimicrobial.

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Cinnamic Acid

Cinnamic acid is obtained from oil of cinnamon, or from balsams. It is also found in shea butter and is the best indication of its environmental history and post-extraction conditions. It can also be made synthetically. It is used in flavors, synthetic indigo, and certain pharmaceuticals, though its primary use is in the manufacturing of the methyl, ethyl, and benzyl esters for the perfume industry. It has a honey-like odor; it and its more volatile ethyl ester (ethyl cinnamate) are flavor components in the essential oil of cinnamon, in which related cinnamaldehyde is the major constituent. Cinnamic acid is also part of the biosynthetic shikimate and phenylpropanoid pathways.

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