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Clostebol

Clostebol, usually as the ester clostebol acetate, is a synthetic anabolic androgenic steroid. It is the 4-chloro derivative of the natural hormone testosterone. It is a weak anabolic steroid which was used by athletes from the German Democratic Republic. It is a version of testosterone that is chlorinated so as to prevent conversion to DHT while also rendering the chemical incapable of conversion to estrogen.

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Clotiazepam

Clotiazepam is a thienodiazepine drug which is a benzodiazepine analog. The clotiazepam molecule differs from most other benzodiazepines in that the benzene ring has been replaced by a thiophene ring. It possesses anxiolytic, skeletal muscle relaxant, anticonvulsant, sedative properties. Stage 2 NREM sleep is significantly increased by clotiazepam.

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Clotrimazole

Clotrimazole is an antifungal medication commonly used in the treatment of fungal infections of both humans and animals such as vaginal yeast infections, oral thrush, and ringworm. It is also used to treat athlete's foot and jock itch.

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Clovoxamine

Clovoxamine is a drug that was discovered in the 1970s and subsequently investigated as an antidepressant and anxiolytic agent. It acts as a serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor, with little affinity for the muscarinic acetylcholine, histamine, adrenergic, and serotonin receptors. It is structurally related to fluvoxamine.

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Cloxazolam

Cloxazolam is a drug which is a benzodiazepine derivative. It is metabolised into the active metabolite chlordesmethyldiazepam. It possesses anxiolytic, anticonvulsant, hypnotic, sedative and skeletal muscle relaxant properties.

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Clozapine

Clozapine is an atypical antipsychotic medication used in the treatment of schizophrenia, and is also used off-label in the treatment of bipolar disorder. The first of the atypical antipsychotics to be developed, it was first introduced in Europe in 1971, but was voluntarily withdrawn by the manufacturer in 1975 after it was shown to cause agranulocytosis, a condition involving a dangerous decrease in the number of white blood cells, that led to death in some patients. In 1989, after studies demonstrated that it was effective in treating treatment-resistant schizophrenia, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved clozapine's use but only for treatment-resistant schizophrenia.

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Cobalt Disodium Edetate Monohydrate

Cobalt Disodium Edetate Monohydrate is widely used in pharmaceutical applications.

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Cobicistat

Cobicistat is a licensed drug for use in the treatment of infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).cobicistat is of interest not for its anti-HIV properties, but rather its ability to inhibit liver enzymes that metabolize other medications used to treat HIV, notably elvitegravir, an HIV integrase inhibitor currently under investigation itself. Cobicistat is a component of the four-drug, fixed-dose combination HIV treatment elvitegravir/cobicistat/emtricitabine/tenofovir.Cobicistat is a potent inhibitor of cytochrome P450 3A enzymes, including the important CYP3A4 subtype. It also inhibits intestinal transport proteins, increasing the overall absorption of several HIV medications, including atazanavir, darunavir and tenofovir alafenamide fumarate.

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Cocaethylene

Cocaethylene is the ethyl ester of benzoylecgonine. It is structurally similar to cocaine, which is the methyl ester of benzoylecgonine. It is formed in vivo when cocaine and ethyl alcohol have been ingested simultaneously. It is a recreational drug with stimulant, euphoriant, anorectic, sympathomimetic and local anesthetic properties. Three monoamine neurotransmitters known as serotonin (5-HT), norepinephrine (NE), and dopamine (DA) play an important role in cocaethylene's action. Cocaethylene increases the level of serotonergic, noradrenergic, and dopaminergic neurotransmission by inhibiting the action of the serotonin transporter (SERT), norepinephrine transporter (NET), and dopamine transporter (DAT) which makes cocaethylene a serotonin-norepinephrine-dopamine reuptake inhibitor (SNDRI).

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Cocaine

Cocaine is a crystalline tropane alkaloid that is obtained from the leaves of the coca plant. It is a stimulant of the central nervous system, an appetite suppressant, and a topical anesthetic. Specifically, it is a serotonin–norepinephrine–dopamine reuptake inhibitor, which mediates functionality of these neurotransmitters as an exogenous catecholamine transporter ligand. Because of the way it affects the mesolimbic reward pathway, cocaine is addictive.

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