Antibiotics pharmaceuticals kills,slows down bacterial growth, antimicrobials medicines kills microorganisms

chemical-categories

Fusidic Acid

Fusidic acid is a bacteriostatic antibiotic that is often used topically in creams and eyedrops, but may also be given systemically as tablets or injections. One important clinical use of fusidic acid is its activity against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.

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Levofloxacin

Levofloxacin is a synthetic chemotherapeutic antibiotic of the fluoroquinolone drug class and is used to treat severe or life-threatening bacterial infections or bacterial infections that have failed to respond to other antibiotic classes.Levofloxacin is a chiral fluorinated carboxyquinolone. Investigation of ofloxacin, an older drug that is the racemic mixture, found that the l form [the (-)-(S) enantiomer] is more active.

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Meclocycline

Meclocycline is a tetracycline antibiotic. It is used topically (i.e. for skin infections) as it is totally insoluble in water and may cause liver and kidney damage if given systemically.

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Olivomycin I

Olivomycin I is a fluorescent probe which is highly specific with respect to DNA. Its luminescence-absorption properties were studied at various pH values, in different solvents and in the presence of Mg2+ and DNA in the solutions. It was discovered in the Gause Institute of New Antibiotics. It possess the best chemotherapeutic index among the aureolic acid antibiotics, it can be considered as a promising scaffold for the development of novel semisynthetic aureolic acid analogues with increased therapeutic index and lower toxicity comparing with the parent antibiotic.

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Piperacillin

Piperacillin is an extended spectrum beta-lactam antibiotic of the ureidopenicillin class. It is normally used together with a beta-lactamase inhibitor such as tazobactam. The combination has activity against many Gram-positive and Gram-negative pathogens and anaerobes, including Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Its main uses are in intensive care medicine, some diabetes-related foot infections and empirical therapy in febrile neutropenia.

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Sitafloxacin

Sitafloxacin is a fluoroquinolone antibiotic that shows promise in the treatment of Buruli ulcer. The molecule was identified by Daiichi Sankyo Co., which brought ofloxacin and levofloxacin to the market.

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Streptomycin

Streptomycin is an aminoglycoside antibiotic produced by the soil actinomycete Streptomyces griseus. Streptomycin is a protein synthesis inhibitor. It binds to the small 16S rRNA of the 30S subunit of the bacterial ribosome, interfering with the binding of formyl-methionyl-tRNA to the 30S subunit. This leads to codon misreading, eventual inhibition of protein synthesis and ultimately death of microbial cells. It is also used as a pesticide.

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Tetracycline

Tetracycline is a broad spectrum polyketide antibiotic produced by the Streptomyces genus of Actinobacteria. It exerts a bacteriostatic effect on bacteria by binding reversible to the bacterial 30S ribosomal subunit and blocking incoming aminoacyl tRNA from binding to the ribosome acceptor site. It also binds to some extent to the bacterial 50S ribosomal subunit and may alter the cytoplasmic membrane causing intracellular components to leak from bacterial cells.It is used to treat bacterial infections such as Rocky Mountain spotted fever, typhus fever, tick fevers, Q fever, rickettsialpox and Brill-Zinsser disease,infections caused by Chlamydiae spp., B. burgdorferi (Lyme disease), and upper respiratory infections caused by typical (S. pneumoniae, H. influenzae, and M. catarrhalis) and atypical organisms (C. pneumoniae, M. pneumoniae, L. pneumophila),acne.

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6-Bromoisatin

6-Bromoisatin is used as an antimicrobial agent. It is also used as intermediate for agriculture and medicines.

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Bacampicillin

Bacampicillin is an antibiotic in the class of drugs called penicillins. It fights bacteria in the body. Bacampicillin is used to treat many different types of infections, such as tonsillitis, pneumonia, bronchitis, urinary tract infections, gonorrhea, and infections of the skin. Bacampicillin may also be used for purposes other than those listed in this medication guide.

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