Antibiotics pharmaceuticals kills,slows down bacterial growth, antimicrobials medicines kills microorganisms



Oligomycins are macrolides created by Streptomyces that can be poisonous to other organisms. They have use as antibiotics.

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Olivomycin I

Olivomycin I is a fluorescent probe which is highly specific with respect to DNA. Its luminescence-absorption properties were studied at various pH values, in different solvents and in the presence of Mg2+ and DNA in the solutions. It was discovered in the Gause Institute of New Antibiotics. It possess the best chemotherapeutic index among the aureolic acid antibiotics, it can be considered as a promising scaffold for the development of novel semisynthetic aureolic acid analogues with increased therapeutic index and lower toxicity comparing with the parent antibiotic.

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Oxacillin Sodium

Oxacillin Sodium is a semisynthetic antibiotic substance derived from 6-amino-penicillanic acid, which falls into the penicillinase-resistant penicillin drug class. Oxacillin sodium is used to treat infections, often staph infections.

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Oxolinic Acid

Oxolinic acid is a quinolone antibiotic.It Oxolinic Acid.It works by inhibiting the enzyme DNA gyrase. It also acts as a dopamine reuptake inhibitor and has stimulant effects in mice.It is efficacious against Gram negative bacterial pathogens of fish,used in the treatment of urinary tract infections.

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Oxytetracycline is used to control fire blight of pear and bacterial spot of peach and nectarine.It was the second of the broad-spectrum tetracycline group of antibiotics to be discovered.It works by interfering with the ability of bacteria to produce proteins that are essential to them.Oxytetracycline therefore stops the spread of the infection and the remaining bacteria are killed by the immune system or eventually die.It sed to treat infections caused by chlamydia,infections caused by mycoplasma organisms,acne,flare-ups of chronic bronchitis

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Oxytetracycline Hydrochloride

Oxytetracycline hydrochloride is a widely used antibiotic with clinically proved activity against gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, rickettsiae, spirochetes, large viruses, and certain protozoa. It is well tolerated and well absorbed after oral administration. It diffuses readily through the placenta and is present in the fetal circulation. It diffuses into the pleural fluid, and under some circumstances, into the cerebrospinal fluid.

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Penicillin is a group of antibiotics derived from Penicillium fungi.Penicillins are Beta-lactam antibiotics and are used in the treatment of bacterial infections caused by susceptible, usually Gram-positive, organisms.In 1928 Scottish bacteriologist Alexander Fleming first observed that colonies of the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus.It work by inhibiting the formation of peptidoglycan cross-links in the bacterial cell wall.Penicillins are divided into naturally occurring penicillins and the semisynthetic penicillins.Penicillins are used in the treatment of throat infections, meningitis, syphilis, and various other infections.Side effects of penicillin are hypersensitivity reactions, including skin rash, hives, swelling, and anaphylaxis, or allergic shock.

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Phenethyl Alcohol

Phenethyl alcohol is used as an additive in cigarettes.It is also used as a preservative in soaps due to its stability in basic conditions.In biology it is of interest due to its antimicrobial properties.It is a common ingredient in flavors and perfumery.

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Pioglitazone Hydrochloride

Pioglitazone Hydrochloride is a thiazolidinedione antidiabetic agent that depends on the presence of insulin for its mechanism of action.It decreases insulin resistance in the periphery and in the liver resulting in increased insulin-dependent glucose disposal and decreased hepatic glucose output.It is used in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus.

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Piperacillin is an extended spectrum beta-lactam antibiotic of the ureidopenicillin class. It is normally used together with a beta-lactamase inhibitor such as tazobactam. The combination has activity against many Gram-positive and Gram-negative pathogens and anaerobes, including Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Its main uses are in intensive care medicine, some diabetes-related foot infections and empirical therapy in febrile neutropenia.

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