Antibiotics pharmaceuticals kills,slows down bacterial growth, antimicrobials medicines kills microorganisms

chemical-categories

Cefoselis

Cefoselis is a cephalosporin.

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Cefoxitin

Cefoxitin is a semi-synthetic, broad-spectrum cepha antibiotic for intravenous administration. It is derived from cephamycin C.It is active against a broad range of gram-negative bacteria including anaerobes.It is considered a strong beta-lactamase inducer, as are certain other antibiotics.

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Cerulenin

Cerulenin is an antifungal antibiotic that inhibits fatty acid and steroid biosynthesis. In fatty acid synthesis, it has been reported to bind in equimolar ratio to b-keto-acyl-ACP synthase, one of the seven moieties of fatty acid synthase, blocking the interaction of malonyl-CoA. It also has the related activity of stimulating fatty acid oxidation through the activation of CPT1, another enzyme normally inhibited by malonyl-CoA. Inhibition involves covalent thioacylation that permanently inactivates the enzymes. These two behaviors may increase the availability of energy in the form of ATP, perhaps sensed by AMPK, in the hypothalamus.

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Clofoctol

Clofoctol is a bacteriostatic antibiotic. It is used in the treatment of respiratory tract and ear, nose and throat infections caused by Gram-positive bacteria. It is only functional against Gram-positive bacteria. It penetrates into human lung tissue.

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Dioxidine

Dioxidine is a synthetic broad-spectrum antimicrobial drug. It is used only by vital indication for the treatment of severe anaerobic or mixed aerobic-anaerobic infections caused by multiresistant strains in case of ineffectiveness or intolerance of other antimicrobial drugs.

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Entecavir

Entecavir is an oral antiviral drug used in the treatment of hepatitis B infection. Entecavir is a nucleoside analog that inhibits reverse transcription, DNA replication and transcription in the viral replication process.

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Fenticlor

Fenticlor is an antibacterial and antifungal agent for topical use. Since it may cause photosensitivity it is nowadays mostly used in veterinary medicine.

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Meropenem

Meropenem is an ultra-broad spectrum injectable antibiotic used to treat a wide variety of infections, including meningitis and pneumonia. It is a beta-lactam and belongs to the subgroup of carbapenem, similar to imipenem and ertapenem. It is used as single agent therapy for the treatment of the following infections when caused by susceptible isolates of the designated microorganisms: complicated skin and skin structure infections due to Staphylococcus aureus (b-lactamase and non-b-lactamase producing, methicillin-susceptible isolates only), Streptococcus pyogenes, Streptococcus agalactiae, viridans group streptococci, Enterococcus faecalis (excluding vancomycin-resistant isolates), Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, Proteus mirabilis, Bacteroides fragilis and Peptostreptococcus species; complicated appendicitis and peritonitis caused by viridans group streptococci, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Bacteroides fragilis, B. thetaiotaomicron, and Peptostreptococcus species.

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Netropsin

Netropsin is an oligopeptide with antibiotic and antiviral activity. It was discovered by Finlay et al. and first isolated from the actinobacterium Streptomyces netropsis. It belongs to the class of pyrrole-amidine antibiotics. It is active against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria.

Properties
Rifaximin

Rifaximin is a semisynthetic, rifamycin-based non-systemic antibiotic, meaning that the drug will not pass the gastrointestinal wall into the circulation as is common for other types of orally administered antibiotics. It is used to treat diarrhea caused by E. coli.Rifaximin is a product of synthesis of rifamycin, an antibiotic with low gastrointestinal absorption and good antibacterial activity. It acts on the beta-subunit of the deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)-dependent ribonucleic acid (RNA) polymerase enzyme of microorganisms to inhibit RNA synthesis.

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