Antibiotics pharmaceuticals kills,slows down bacterial growth, antimicrobials medicines kills microorganisms



Miramistin exerts a profound antibacterial effect on gram-positive and gram-negative, aerobic and anaerobic bacteria in the form of monocultures and microbe associations, including hospital strains with multiresistance to antibiotics. The drug is the most efficient to combat gram-positive bacteria, to suppress microbes causing sexually transmitted infections, as well as herpes, HIV, etc. The drug exerts anti-mycotic effect on Aspergillus and Penicillium, saccharomyces and saccharomyce-like ones, dermatophytes, and any other pathogenic fungi, for instance, Pityrosporum orbiculare in the form of monocultures and microbe association, including one of the fungous microflora characterized by its resistance to chemotherapy medications.

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Moxalactam is an oxacephem antibiotic usually grouped with the cephalosporins. It has been associated with prolonged bleeding time, and several cases of coagulopathy, some fatal, were reported during the 1980s. It has been described as a third generation cephalosporin.

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Novobiocin is an aminocoumarin antibiotic that is produced by the actinomycete Streptomyces niveus. It is active against Staphylococcus epidermidis and may be used to differentiate it from the other coagulase-negative Staphylococcus saprophyticus, which is resistant to novobiocin, in culture. It is effective antistaphylococcal agent used in the treatment of MRSA.


Oligomycins are macrolides created by Streptomyces that can be poisonous to other organisms. They have use as antibiotics.

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Penicillin is a group of antibiotics derived from Penicillium fungi.Penicillins are Beta-lactam antibiotics and are used in the treatment of bacterial infections caused by susceptible, usually Gram-positive, organisms.In 1928 Scottish bacteriologist Alexander Fleming first observed that colonies of the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus.It work by inhibiting the formation of peptidoglycan cross-links in the bacterial cell wall.Penicillins are divided into naturally occurring penicillins and the semisynthetic penicillins.Penicillins are used in the treatment of throat infections, meningitis, syphilis, and various other infections.Side effects of penicillin are hypersensitivity reactions, including skin rash, hives, swelling, and anaphylaxis, or allergic shock.

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Spiramycin is a macrolide antibiotic. It is used to treat toxoplasmosis and various other infections of soft tissues. Although used in Europe, Canada and Mexico, spiramycin is still considered an experimental drug in the United States, but can sometimes be obtained by special permission from the FDA for toxoplasmosis in the first trimester of pregnancy.

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Alamethicin found in the soil fungus Trichoderma viride, is an antimicrobial peptide-a string of amino acids that kills microbes by forming channels (or poking holes) in the organism's outer membrane. It is composed of 20-residues, rich in the helix-promoting amino acid a-amino isobutyric acid (Aib).Alamethicin is notable in that it forms voltage-gated ion channels in the membrane.It can can produce action potentials similar to those of nerve axons. It takes a helical conformation in the membrane, stabilized by a large number of Aib residues.It is effective against bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and even some viruses.

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Amoxicillin is a moderate-spectrum, bacteriolytic,beta-lactam antibiotic used to treat bacterial infections.It acts by inhibiting the synthesis of bacterial cell walls. It inhibits cross-linkage between the linear peptidoglycan polymer chains that make up a major component of the cell walls of both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria.

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Aphidicolin is defined as a tetracyclic diterpene antibiotic with antiviral and antimitotical properties. It is a reversible inhibitor of eukaryotic nuclear DNA replication. It blocks the cell cycle at early S phase. It is a specific inhibitor of DNA polymerase A,D in eukaryotic cells and in some viruses and an apoptosis inducer in HeLa cells. Natural aphidicolin is a secondary metabolite of the fungus Nigrospora oryzae.

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Beauvericin is a cyclohexadepsipeptide mycotoxin which has insecticidal properties and which can induce apoptosis in mammalian cells. Beauvericin is produced by some entomo- and phytopathogenic Fusarium species.Beauvericin is a specific cholesterol acyltransferase inhibitor and is toxic to several human cell lines.It is a bioactive cyclodepsipeptide, which contains three D-a-hydroxy-isovaleryl and N-methyl-L-phenylalanyl residues in alternating sequence.

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