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Methyl-coenzyme M reductase

Methyl-coenzyme M reductase (MCR) is an enzyme that occurs in archaea and catalyzes the formation of methane by combining the hydrogen donor coenzyme B and the methyl donor coenzyme M. The enzyme has two active sites, each occupied by the nickel-containing F430 cofactor.

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Methylcrotonyl-CoA carboxylase

Methylcrotonyl CoA carboxylase (MCC) is a biotin-requiring enzyme located in the mitochondria. MCC uses bicarbonate as a carboxyl group source to catalyze the carboxylation of a carbon adjacent to a carbonyl group performing the 4th step in processing leucine, an essential amino acid.

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Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase

Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the MTHFR gene. Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase catalyzes the conversion of 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate to 5-methyltetrahydrofolate, a cosubstrate for homocysteine remethylation to methionine. Genetic variation in this gene influences susceptibility to occlusive vascular disease, neural tube defects, colon cancer and acute leukemia, and mutations in this gene are associated with methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase deficiency.

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Methylglyoxal reductase

Methylglyoxal reductase (NADPH-dependent) (EC 1.1.1.283) is an enzyme that belongs to the family of oxidoreductases, specifically those acting on the CH-OH group of donor with NAD+ or NADP+ as acceptor. The systematic name of this enzyme class is lactaldehyde:NADP+ oxidoreductase.

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Mevaldate reductase

Mevaldate reductase (NADPH) (EC 1.1.1.33) is an enzyme that belongs to the family of oxidoreductases, specifically those acting on the CH-OH group of donor with NAD+ or NADP+ as acceptor. The systematic name of this enzyme class is (R)-mevalonate:NADP+ oxidoreductase.

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Monoamine oxidases

Monoamine oxidases (MAO) (EC 1.4.3.4) are a family of enzymes that catalyze the oxidation of monoamines.They belong to the protein family of flavin-containing amine oxidoreductases.MAO-A is particularly important in the catabolism of monoamines ingested in food. Both MAOs are also vital to the inactivation of monoaminergic neurotransmitters, for which they display different specificities.

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Monodehydroascorbate reductase

Monodehydroascorbate reductase (NADH) (EC 1.6.5.4) is an enzyme that belongs to the family of oxidoreductases, specifically those acting on NADH or NADPH with a quinone or similar compound as acceptor. The systematic name of this enzyme class is NADH:monodehydroascorbate oxidoreductase. This enzyme participates in ascorbate and aldarate metabolism.

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Morphine 6-dehydrogenase

Morphine 6-dehydrogenase (EC 1.1.1.218) is an enzyme that belongs to the family of oxidoreductases, specifically those acting on the CH-OH group of donor with NAD+ or NADP+ as acceptor. The systematic name of this enzyme class is morphine:NAD(P)+ 6-oxidoreductase. This enzyme participates in alkaloid biosynthesis i. This enzyme has at least one effector, Mercaptoethanol.

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Muramylodextrinase

Muramylodextrinase is a blend of the enzymes. It is used to produce glucose from starch chains and should be added to the wort at the start of fermentation. It helps to create low carbohydrate super-attenuated beers and is destroyed by pasteurisation.

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Myophosphorylase

Myophosphorylase is the muscle isoform of the enzyme glycogen phosphorylase.This enzyme helps break down glycogen (a form of stored carbohydrate) into glucose-1-phosphate, (not glucose) so that it can be utilized within the muscle cell.A deficiency is associated with Glycogen storage disease type V, also known as "McArdle's Syndrome".

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