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Beryllium Oxide

Beryllium oxide is an inorganic compound. It is an electrical insulator with a thermal conductivity higher than any other non-metal except diamond, and actually exceeds that of some metals. Its high melting point leads to its use as a refractory. It is used in rocket engines. It is used as a filler in some thermal interface materials such as thermal grease. Some power semiconductor devices have used beryllium oxide ceramic between the silicon chip and the metal mounting base of the package in order to achieve a lower value of thermal resistance than for a similar construction made with aluminium oxide. It is also used as a structural ceramic for high-performance microwave devices, vacuum tubes, magnetrons, and gas lasers.

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Cadmium Sulfide

Cadmium sulfide is an inorganic compound. It occurs in nature with two different crystal structures as the rare minerals greenockite and hawleyite, but is more prevalent as an impurity substituent in the similarly structured zinc ores sphalerite and wurtzite, which are the major economic sources of cadmium. As a compound that is easy to isolate and purify, it is the principal source of cadmium for all commercial applications. It is mainly used as a pigment. Cadmium sulfide and cadmium selenide are used in manufacturing of photoresistors sensitive to visible and near infrared light. In thin-film form, cadmium sulfide can be combined with other layers for use in certain types of solar cells. It was also one of the first semiconductor materials to be used for thin-film transistors (TFTs). However interest in compound semiconductors for TFTs largely waned after the emergence of amorphous silicon technology in the late 1970s. It is also used as chemical raw material for glass and ceramic industry.

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Cobalt Monoxide

Cobalt monoxide is an inorganic compound. It is used extensively in the ceramics industry as an additive to create blue colored glazes and enamels as well as in the chemical industry for producing cobalt(II) salts.

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Dicfine IV-3600

Dicfine IV-3600 is an acrylic resin. It is used as glass fiber processing agents.

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LUBRIFICANTE 60

LUBRIFICANTE 60 is an ethylene oxide derivative. It is used as lubricating and drying retardant for glaze slip to be given by spray booth.

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Lanthanum oxide

Lanthanum oxide an inorganic compound containing the rare earth element lanthanum and oxygen. It is used to develop ferroelectric materials, and in optical materials.Lanthanum oxide is an odorless, white solid that is insoluble in water, but soluble in dilute acid. Lanthanum oxide is used to develop ferroelectric materials, such as La-doped Bi4Ti3O12 (BLT). Lanthanum oxide is used in optical materials, often the optical glasses are doped with lanthanum oxide to improve the glass' refractive index, chemical durability, and mechanical strength.Lanthanum oxide is used to make optical glasses, to which this oxide confers increased density, refractive index, and hardness. Together with oxides of tungsten, tantalum, and thorium.

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Nickel Monoxide

Nickel monoxide is a chemical compound. It has a variety of specialized applications and generally applications distinguish between "chemical", which is relatively pure material for specialty applications, and "metallurgical grade", which is mainly used for the production of alloys. It is used in the ceramic industry to make frits, ferrites, and porcelain glazes. The sintered oxide is used to produce nickel steel alloys. Charles Édouard Guillaume won the 1920 Nobel Prize in Physics for his work on nickel steel alloys which he called invar and elinvar. It was also a component in the Nickel-iron battery, also known as the Edison Battery, and is a component in fuel cells. It is the precursor to many nickel salts, for use as specialty chemicals and catalysts. More recently, NiO was used to make the NiCd rechargeable batteries found in many electronic devices until the development of the environmentally superior Lithium Ion battery.

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Silicon Carbide

Silicon carbide is a compound of silicon and carbon. Grains of silicon carbide can be bonded together by sintering to form very hard ceramics which are widely used in applications requiring high endurance, such as car brakes, car clutches and ceramic plates in bulletproof vests. Electronic applications of silicon carbide as light emitting diodes and detectors in early radios were first demonstrated around 1907, and nowadays silicon carbide is widely used in high-temperature/high-voltage semiconductor electronics.

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Silicon Dioxide

Silicon dioxide (Silica) is an oxide of silicon. It is most commonly found in nature as sand or quartz, as well as in the cell walls of diatoms. It is used primarily in the production of glass for windows, drinking glasses, beverage bottles, and many other uses. The majority of optical fibers for telecommunications are also made from silica. It is a primary raw material for many whiteware ceramics such as earthenware, stoneware, porcelain, as well as industrial Portland cement. It is a common additive in the production of foods, where it is used primarily as a flow agent in powdered foods, or to absorb water in hygroscopic applications. It is the primary component of diatomaceous earth which has many uses ranging from filtration to insect control. It is also the primary component of rice husk ash which is used, for example, in filtration and cement manufacturing. Thin films of silica grown on silicon wafers via thermal oxidation methods can be quite beneficial in microelectronics, where they act as electric insulators with high chemical stability. In electrical applications, it can protect the silicon, store charge, block current, and act as a controlled pathway to limit current flow. A silica-based aerogel was used in the Stardust spacecraft to collect extraterrestrial particles. It is also used in the extraction of DNA and RNA due to its ability to bind to the nucleic acids under the presence of chaotropes. As hydrophobic silica it is used as a defoamer component. In hydrated form, it is used in toothpaste as a hard abrasive to remove tooth plaque. In cosmetics, it is useful for its light-diffusing properties and natural absorbency. Colloidal silica is used as a wine and juice fining agent. In pharmaceutical products, silica aids powder flow when tablets are formed.

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Silver Chloride

Silver chloride is used to make photographic paper since it reacts with photons to form latent image and via photoreduction. The silver chloride electrode is a common reference electrode in electrochemistry. It has been used as an antidote for mercury poisoning, assisting in the elimination of mercury. It is used to create yellow, amber, and brown shades in stained glass manufacture. It is also used in bandages and wound healing products.

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