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Calcite

The carbonate mineral calcite is a calcium carbonate corresponding to the formula CaCO3 and is one of the most widely distributed minerals on the Earth's surface. Calcite crystals are hexagonal-rhombohedral, though actual calcite rhombohedrons are rare as natural crystals. It is used as chemical raw material for glass and ceramic industry.

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Calcium Borate

Calcium borate can be prepared by reacting calcium metal with boric acid. A hydrated form occurs naturally as the minerals colemanite, nobleite and priceite. One of its uses is as a binder in some grades of hexagonal boron nitride for hot pressing. Other uses are flame retardant in epoxy molding compounds, a ceramic flux in some ceramic glazes, reactive self-sealing binders in hazardous waste management, additive for insect-resistant polystyrene, fertilizer, and production of boron glasses.

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Calcium Carbonate

Calcium carbonate is a chemical compound. It is a common substance found in rock in all parts of the world, and is the main component of shells of marine organisms, snails, pearls, and eggshells. It is the active ingredient in agricultural lime, and is usually the principal cause of hard water. Calcium carbonate is commonly used medicinally as a calcium supplement or as an antacid, but excessive consumption can be hazardous. The main use of calcium carbonate is in the construction industry. It is used in the oil industry in drilling fluids as a formation bridging and filtercake sealing agent and may also be used as a weighting material to increase the density of drilling fluids to control downhole pressures. It is widely used as an extender in paints and as a filler in plastics. It is also used in adhesives, sealants, and decorating fillers. Calcium carbonate is a common ingredient for many glazes/ceramics in its white powdered form.

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Calcium Hydroxyapatite

Calcium Hydroxylapatite is found naturally in human bones and is a mineral-like compound. Calcium Hydroxylapatite is biosynthetically produced, which means that no animals or animal products are used. This lowers your risk of an allergic reaction and no skin testing is required. Calcium hydroxylapatite has another special use for HIV-positive people who suffer from facial lipoatrophy, also known as facial wasting, which is a side effect of antiretroviral medications. It is the rock known as oxydapatit or bone ash. Calcium Hydroxylapatite is used in the manufacture of fertilizers, milk-glass, polishing powders, porcelain, pottery, and enamels.

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Calcium Lignosulfonate

Calcium lignosulfonate can be used as concrete water-reducing material, thinner for cement pulp, sand reinforcement material, pesticide emulsion, mill run dispersant, leather pre-tanning material, plastics adding material for porcelain of fire resistant material, grouting jello for oil well or dam and so on. At present calcium lignosulphate is widely used in such industries as building industry, water and electricity, metallurgy, pesticide, petroleum, mining and porcelain industries, etc.

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Calcium Oxide

Calcium oxide is also called as quicklime or burnt lime. It is a widely used chemical compound. Calcium oxide is a white, caustic, alkaline, crystalline solid at room temperature. Calcium oxide is usually made by the thermal decomposition of materials such as limestone, or seashells, that contain calcium carbonate in a lime kiln.It is prepared by heating calcium carbonate in a special lime kiln to about 500°C to 600°C, decomposing it into the oxide and carbon dioxide. Calcium oxide is widely used in industry.Calcium oxide is a basic anhydride, reacting with water to form calcium hydroxide.

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Carbon

Carbon is nonmetallic and tetravalent-making four electrons available to form covalent chemical bonds. The major economic use of carbon other than food and wood is in the form of hydrocarbons, most notably the fossil fuel methane gas and crude oil (petroleum). Crude oil is used by the petrochemical industry to produce, amongst others, gasoline and kerosene, through a distillation process, in refineries. Cellulose is a natural, carbon-containing polymer produced by plants in the form of cotton, linen, and hemp. Cellulose is mainly used for maintaining structure in plants. Commercially valuable carbon polymers of animal origin include wool, cashmere and silk. Plastics are made from synthetic carbon polymers, often with oxygen and nitrogen atoms included at regular intervals in the main polymer chain. The raw materials for many of these synthetic substances come from crude oil. It can form alloys with iron, of which the most common is carbon steel. Graphite is combined with clays to form the 'lead' used in pencils used for writing and drawing. It is also used as a lubricant and a pigment, as a molding material in glass manufacture, in electrodes for dry batteries and in electroplating and electroforming, in brushes for electric motors and as a neutron moderator in nuclear reactors. Gem quality diamond is used in jewelry, and Industrial diamonds are used in drilling, cutting and polishing tools for machining metals and stone. Carbon black is used as the black pigment in printing ink, artist's oil paint and water colours, carbon paper, automotive finishes, India ink and laser printer toner. It is also used as a filler in rubber products such as tyres and in plastic compounds. Carbon acts as a macronutrient for the body, and is thus greatly required.

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Cellulose acetate

Cellulose acetate is the acetate ester of cellulose. It is used as a film base in photography, as a component in some coatings, and as a frame material for eyeglasses. It is also used as a synthetic fiber in the manufacture of cigarette filters and playing cards.

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Ceramic Deflocculant

Ceramic Deflocculant are the materials that you add to your slips and glazes to make them smoother, flow a little better, and even apply a little better.In ceramics, and especially in slip casting, clumps and non-homogenous solutions can be problematic. If you are pouring liquid slip into a mold, you want the mixure to be uniform and to flow well. Deflocculants allow this to happen by decreasing the positive electrical charge that can occur between particles that become attracted, or 'flock', to one another. The addition of a deflocculant to a medium, such as casting slip, evenly suspends the particles and causes a more fluid flow.

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Ceramic Rheology Modifiers

Ceramic Rheology Modifiers serve the purpose of not just altering the viscosity of the formulation but also that of providing specific functionality to the product.This could range from improving mouthfeel, body, texture, moisture retention and suspendability of soluble ingredients to increasing stability and dry strength, inhibiting syneresis, resisting bacterial attack,preventing shrinkage and controlling crystal ice formation.

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