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Iodine occurs mainly as a diatomic molecule I2, not the atom. In nature, iodine is a relatively rare element, ranking 47th in abundance. It is the heaviest essential element utilized widely by life in biological functions. As a component of thyroid hormones, iodine is required by higher animals. Iodine and its compounds are primarily used in nutrition, the production of acetic acid and polymers. Iodine's relatively high atomic number, low toxicity, and ease of attachment to organic compounds have made it a part of many X-ray contrast materials in modern medicine. The major application of iodine is as a co-catalyst for the production of acetic acid by the Monsanto and Cativa processes. The production of ethylenediammonium diiodide (EDDI) consumes a large fraction of available iodine. EDDI is provided to livestock as a nutritional supplement. Elemental iodine is used as a disinfectant in various forms.

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Iodine 0.1N Standard Solution

0.05 mol/L. Solution consists of iodine and potassium iodide in water.

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Iodine Monochloride

Iodine monochloride is an interhalogen compound with the formula ICl. It is a red-brown compound that melts near room temperature. Because of the difference in theelectronegativity of iodine and chlorine, ICl is highly polar and behaves as a source of I+. Owing to the similarity of the properties of the compound with bromine (red-brown liquid at room temperature), its synthesis led early researchers to believe that the reaction between the heaviest and lightest of a 'triad' of elements (three elements with similar chemical properties, now found in the same group of the modern periodic table) would produce the central element of the triad, the so-named 'Law of Averages'.

Iodine monochloride is produced simply by combining the halogens in a 1:1 molar ratio, according to the equation

I2 + Cl2 → 2 ICl

When chlorine gas is passed through iodine crystals, one observes the brown vapor of iodine monochloride. Dark brown iodine monochloride liquid is collected. Excess chlorine converts iodine monochloride into iodine trichloride in a reversible reaction:

ICl + Cl2 is in equilibrium withICl3

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Iodine Monochloride 40% Solution in Acetic Acid

7790-99-0,Iodine Monochloride 40% Solution in Acetic Acid

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Iodoacetic Acid

For the chemical modification of thiol groups in proteins (specific for cysteine at pH 8.5) 1; Alkylates methionine 2

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Iodobenzene Diacetate

Stoichiometric oxidant in the TEMPO oxidation of nerol to neral.1 Oxidant employed in the rhodium-catalyzed aziridination of olefins with sulfamate esters.2

Unactivated sp3 C-H bonds of both oxime and pyridine substrates undergo highly regio- and chemoselective Pd(II)-catalyzed oxygenation with PhI(OAc)2 as a stoichiometric oxidant.

Used in the room temperature Pd-catalyzed 2-arylation of indoles

Useful reagent for the synthesis of a wide variety of heterocyclic compounds.

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Iodocyclo Hexane

The photodissociation dynamics of iodocyclohexane has been studied using velocity map imaging2. Nickel catalyzed coupling of iodocyclohexane with 1-octyne has been investigated3.

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Iodoform is the organoiodine compound with the formula CHI3. A pale yellow, crystalline, volatile substance, it has a penetrating odor and, analogous to chloroform, sweetish taste. It is occasionally used as a disinfectant. It is sometimes also referred to as carbon triiodide or methyl triiodide.

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Isopropylmyristate PH

Isopropylmystristate PH is a clear, colourless, almost odourless oil of medium polarity with a mean molecular weight. On account of its high spreading value, the product is suitable for the application in pharmaceutical skin care preparations such as low-fatting emulsions and skin oils.

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