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Formate

Formate is a salt or ester of formic acid.It is the simplest carboxylate anion.

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GB-52 S

GB- 52 S is a safety solvent cleaner with a high flash point. It is designed for cleaning of electrical motor and other components where the use of water is undesirable or hazardous.GB-52 S is fast drying and has a high flash point therefore reducing fire-risk associated with other low flash point solvent cleaner. GB-52 S is safe on all metals, readily removes oil, grease and dirt effectively and is fast drying. It will not attack durable insulating materials.GB-52 S is ready to use at room temperature and simple to apply with non-atomising spray, brush or immersion.

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GB-55 S

GB- 55 S is a neutral emulsifiable solvent degreaser which is used for the cleaning of engine parts, chassis, plant and machinery.GB-55 S is economical to use as it is highly concentrated.GB-55 S is safe on all metals, readily removes oil, grease and dirt. It is specially formulated for use with oil interceptors.GB-55 S is ready to use at room temperature and simple to apply with low pressure spray, brush or immersion.

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Gallium

In 1871, existence of gallium was first predicted by Russian chemist Dmitri Mendeleev, who named it "eka-aluminium" on the basis of its position in his periodic table. It was discovered spectroscopically by Paul Emile Lecoq de Boisbaudran in 1875 by its characteristic spectrum in an examination of a sphalerite sample. It is the only metal, except for mercury, caesium, and rubidium, which can be liquid near room temperatures; this makes possible its use in high-temperature thermometers. In semiconductors, the major-use compound is gallium arsenide used in microwave circuitry and infrared applications. It is also used in alloys and fuel cells. Gallium is not known to be essential in biology, but because of the biological handling of gallium's primary ionic salt gallium(III) as though it were iron(III), the gallium ion localizes to and interacts with many processes in the body in which iron(III) is manipulated. As these processes include inflammation, which is a marker for many disease states, several gallium salts are used, or are in development, as both pharmaceuticals and radiopharmaceuticals in medicine.

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GaroMAX

GaroMAX is a range of Medium Aromatics that include HAN and custom made blends. These are high molecular, low volatile solvents. GaroMAX is excellent for applications in agrochemicals, PVC, printing inks, etc.

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Glyoxal

Glyoxal is the smallest dialdehyde. Coated paper and in the textile finishes use large amounts of glyoxal as a crosslinker for starch-based formulations and as a starting material with ureas for wrinkle-resistant chemical treatments. It is used as a solubilizer and cross-linking agent in polymer chemistry. It is a valuable building block in organic synthesis, especially in the synthesis of heterocycles such as imidazoles. A convenient form of the reagent for use in the laboratory is its bis-hemiacetal with ethylene glycol, 1,4-dioxane-2,3-diol.

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Hafnium

Hafnium chemically resembles zirconium and is found in zirconium minerals. Its existence was predicted by Dmitri Mendeleev in 1869. It is used in filaments and electrodes. Some semiconductor fabrication processes use its oxide for integrated circuits at 45 nm and smaller feature lengths. Some superalloys used for special applications contain hafnium in combination with niobium, titanium, or tungsten. Hafnium's large neutron capture cross-section makes it a good material for neutron absorption in control rods in nuclear power plants, but at the same time requires that it be removed from the neutron-transparent corrosion-resistant zirconium alloys used in nuclear reactors.

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Heptane

Heptane is a straight-chain alkane. It is widely applied in laboratories as a totally non-polar solvent. In the grease spot test, heptane is used to dissolve the oil spot to show the previous presence of organic compounds on a stained paper. Heptane is commercially available as mixed isomers for use in paints and coatings, as the rubber cement solvent "Bestine", the outdoor stove fuel "Powerfuel" by Primus, as pure n-Heptane for research and development and pharmaceutical manufacturing and as a minor component of gasoline.

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Holmium

Holmium is a rare earth element. Its oxide was first isolated from rare earth ores in 1878 and the element was named after the city of Stockholm. It is found in the minerals monazite and gadolinite, and is usually commercially extracted from monazite using ion exchange techniques. It has the highest magnetic strength of any element and therefore is used for the polepieces of the strongest static magnets. Because holmium strongly absorbs nuclear fission-bred neutrons, it is used in nuclear control rods. It is also used in yttrium-iron-garnet and yttrium-lanthanum-fluoride solid-state lasers found in microwave equipment. Holmium lasers emit at 2.08 micrometres, and therefore are safe to eyes. They are used in medical, dental, and fiber-optical applications. Holmium is one of the colorants used for cubic zirconia and glass, providing yellow or red coloring.

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Iridium

Iridium is the second-densest element and is the most corrosion-resistant metal. It was discovered in 1803 among insoluble impurities in natural platinum. Smithson Tennant, the primary discoverer, named the iridium for the goddess Iris, personification of the rainbow, because of the striking and diverse colors of its salts. The most important iridium compounds in use are the salts and acids it forms with chlorine, though iridium also forms a number of organometallic compounds used in industrial catalysis, and in research. Iridium metal is employed when high corrosion resistance at high temperatures is needed, as in high-end spark plugs, crucibles for recrystallization of semiconductors at high temperatures, and electrodes for the production of chlorine in the chloralkali process. Iridium radioisotopes are used in some radioisotope thermoelectric generators.

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