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Thionyl Chloride

Thionyl chloride is an inorganic compound.It is a reactive chemical reagent used in chlorination reactions.Thionyl chloride is mainly used in the industrial production of organochlorine compounds,which are often intermediates in pharmaceuticals and agrochemicals.

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Thiophosgene

Thiophosgene is a molecule with trigonal planar geometry. There are two reactive C–Cl bonds that allow it to be used in diverse organic syntheses. It is mainly used to prepare compounds with the connectivity CSX2 where X = OR, NHR. Such reactions proceed via intermediate such as CSClX. Under certain conditions, one can convert primary amines into isothiocyanates. It also serves as a dienophile to give, after reduction 5-thiacyclohexene derivatives. Thiophosgene is also known as the appropriate reagent in Corey-Winter synthesis for stereospecific converting 1,2-diols into olefins.

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Thorium

Thorium is a naturally occurring radioactive chemical element, found in abundance throughout the world. It was discovered in 1828 and named after Thor, the Norse god of thunder. It is a component of the magnesium alloy called Mag-Thor, used in aircraft engines and imparting high strength and creep resistance at elevated temperatures. Thoriated magnesium was used to build the CIM-10 Bomarc missile, although concerns about radioactivity have resulted in several missiles being removed from public display. Thorium is also used as an alloying agent in gas tungsten arc welding to increase the melting temperature of tungsten electrodes and improve arc stability. Thorium dioxide and thorium nitrate were used in mantles of portable gas lights, including natural gas lamps, oil lamps and camping lights. These mantles glow with an intense white light when heated in a gas flame, and its color could be shifted to yellow by addition of cerium. Thorium dioxide is a material for heat-resistant ceramics and also has been used as a catalyst in the conversion of ammonia to nitric acid, in petroleum cracking and in producing sulfuric acid. Thorium, as well as uranium and plutonium, can be used as fuel in a nuclear reactor and it is a fertile material, which allows it to be used to produce nuclear fuel in a breeder reactor.

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Thulium

Thulium is the second least abundant of the lanthanides. It is used as the radiation source in portable X-ray devices and in solid-state lasers. It has been used in high temperature superconductors similarly to yttrium. Thulium potentially has use in ferrites, ceramic magnetic materials that are used in microwave equipment.

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Tin

Tin is a main group metal in group 14 of the periodic table. It is obtained chiefly from the mineral cassiterite, where it occurs as tin dioxide. It is used to coat other metals to prevent corrosion. It has long been used as a solder in the form of an alloy with lead. Another large application for tin is corrosion-resistant tin plating of steel. Because of its low toxicity, tin-plated metal is also used for food packaging, giving the name to tin cans, which are made mostly of steel. Tin in combination with other elements forms a wide variety of useful alloys. It is most commonly alloyed with copper. Window glass is most often made via floating molten glass on top of molten tin in order to make a flat surface. Tin(II) fluoride is added to some dental care products as stannous fluoride. Of all the chemical compounds of tin, the organotin compounds are most heavily used. The major commercial application of organotin compounds is in the stabilization of PVC plastics. Organotin compounds can have a relatively high toxicity, which is both advantageous and problematic. They have been used for their biocidal effects in fungicides, pesticides, algaecides, wood preservatives, and antifouling agents. Some tin reagents are useful in organic chemistry. In the largest application, stannous chloride is a common reducing agent for the conversion of nitro and oxime groups to amines.

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Tin (IV) Chloride

Tin(IV) chloride, also known as stannic chloride.It is used in the glass container industry for making an external coating containing tin(IV) oxide which toughens the glass.

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Tin Powder

Tin Powders are manufactured by air-atomising using only high purity certified ingots and this results in a nodular or spheroidal morphology with particles available from 20 microns up to 200 microns.Tin Powders are used in diverse applications, markets and technologies by virtue of their unique properties. Typical applications may include pressed and sintered components, bearings and bushings, metallurgical alloying, chemical processes, friction parts, surface engineering, decorative, welding and brazing, diamond tooling, electronics, radiation shielding, etc.

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