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Ammonium Formate

Ammonium formate is the ammonium salt of formic acid. Pure ammonium formate decomposes into formamide and water when heated, and this is its primary use in industry. It can also be used in palladium on carbon reduction of functional groups. It can be used for reductive amination of aldehydes and ketones. It is also used as a buffer in high performance liquid chromatography, and is suitable for use with liquid chromatography/mass spectroscopy.

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Ammonium Sulfate

Ammonium sulphate is used largely as an artificial fertilizer for alkaline soils. In the soil the ammonium ion is released and forms a small amount of acid, lowering the pH balance of the soil , while contributing essential nitrogen for plant growth. It is also used as an agricultural spray adjuvant for water soluble insecticides, herbicides, and fungicides. It is also used in the preparation of other ammonium salts. It is also a food additive.

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Ammonium oxalate

Ammonium Oxalate is an oxalate salt with ammonium. It is a colorless salt under standard conditions and is odorless and non-volatile. It is a constituent of some types of kidney stone.

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Arsenic Trioxide

Arsenic trioxide is an inorganic compound. This commercially important oxide of arsenic is the main precursor to other arsenic compounds, including organoarsenic compounds. Large scale applications include its use as a precursor to forestry products, in colorless glass production, and in electronics. Organoarsenic compounds, e.g. feed additives (Roxarsone) and pharmaceuticals (Neosalvarsan), are derived from arsenic trioxide. A variety of applications exploit arsenic's toxicity, including the use of the oxide as a wood preservative. In combination with copper(II) acetate arsenic trioxide gives the vibrant pigment known as paris green used both in paints and as a rodenticide. This application has been discontinued.

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Barium Carbonate

Barium carbonate is a chemical compound used in rat poison, bricks, ceramic glazes and cement. It is widely used in the ceramics industry as an ingredient in glazes.It acts as a flux, a matting and crystallizing agent and combines with certain coloring oxides to produce unique colors not easily attainable by other means. Its use is somewhat controversial since some claim that it can leach from glazes into food and drink. In the brick, tile, earthenware and pottery industries barium carbonate is added to clays to precipitate soluble salts that cause efflorescence.

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Barium Hydroxide

Barium hydroxide is a chemical compound. It is used in analytical chemistry for the titration of weak acids, particularly organic acids. Its clear aqueous solution is guaranteed to be free of carbonate, unlike those of sodium hydroxide and potassium hydroxide, as barium carbonate is insoluble in water. This allows the use of indicators such as phenolphthalein or thymolphthalein without the risk of titration errors due to the presence of carbonate ions, which are much less basic. It has been used to hydrolyse one of the two equivalent ester groups in dimethyl hendecanedioate. It is also used in the preparation of cyclopentanone, diacetone alcohol and D-Gulonic γ-lactone. It is used in a demonstration of endothermic reactions since, when mixed with an ammonium salt, the reaction becomes cold as heat is absorbed from the surroundings.

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Barium carbonate

Barium carbonate, also known as witherite, is a chemical compound used in rat poison, bricks, ceramic glazes and cement. Barium carbonate is widely used in the ceramics industry as an ingredient in glazes.

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Benzene Chloride

Benzene chloride is an aromatic organic compound. This colorless, flammable liquid is a common solvent and a widely used intermediate in the manufacture of other chemicals. The major use of chlorobenzene is as an intermediate in the production of commodities such as herbicides, dyestuffs, and rubber. Chlorobenzene is also used as a high-boiling solvent in many industrial applications as well as in the laboratory.

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Benzotrifluoride

Trifluorotoluene is an organic compound. This colorless fluorocarbon is used as a specialty solvent in organic synthesis and an intermediate in the production of pesticides and pharmaceuticals. As a solvent, trifluorotoluene is useful in mild Lewis-acid catalyzed reactions, such as the Friedel-Crafts preparations. The most common catalyst, aluminium trichloride reacts with trifluorotoluene at room temperature, however zinc chloride does not. A second and perhaps more valuable use of trifluorotoluene is as a synthetic intermediate. A derivative of trifluorotoluene, 3-aminobenzotrifluoride, is the precursor to the herbicide fluometuron, 1,1-dimethyl-3-(a,a,a-trifluoro-m-tolyl)urea.

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