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Potassium Chloride

The chemical compound potassium chloride is a metal halide salt composed of potassium and chlorine. White potash, sometimes referred to as soluble potash, is usually higher in analysis and is used primarily for making liquid starter fertilizers. Potassium chloride is used in medicine, scientific applications, food processing and in judicial execution through lethal injection. It occurs naturally as the mineral sylvite and in combination with sodium chloride as sylvinite. It is sometimes used in water as a completion fluid in petroleum and natural gas operations, as well as being an alternative to sodium chloride in household water softener units. Along with sodium chloride and lithium chloride, potassium chloride is used as a flux for the gas welding of aluminium.

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Potassium Chromate

Potassium chromate is a yellow chemical indicator used for identifying concentrations of chloride ions in a salt solution with silver nitrate. It is a class two carcinogen and can cause cancer on inhalation.

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Sodium Borohydride

Sodium borohydride is an inorganic compound. It is a versatile reducing agent that finds wide application in chemistry, both in the laboratory and on a technical scale. Large amounts are used for bleaching wood pulp. The compound was discovered in the 1940s by H. I. Schlesinger, who led a team that developed metal borohydrides for wartime applications. It is used in the dyeing industry. It can also be used in oxymercuration reactions. It reduces aldehydes and ketones into alcohols. This reaction is used in the production of various antibiotics including chloramphenicol, dihydrostreptomycin, and thiophenicol. Various steroids and vitamin A are prepared using sodium borohydride in at least one step.

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Sodium Perchlorate

Sodium perchlorate is an inorganic compound. It is the most soluble of the common perchlorate salts. It is the precursor to many other perchlorate salts. It finds only minimal use in pyrotechnics because it is hygroscopic. It has a variety of uses in the laboratory, often as a nonreactive electrolyte.

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Sodium Thiocyanate

Sodium thiocyanate is one of the main sources of the thiocyanate anion. As such, it is used as a precursor for the synthesis of pharmaceuticals and other specialty chemicals. It is commonly used in the laboratory as a test for the presence of Fe3+ ions.

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Thiocarbohydrazide

Thiocarbohydrazide is a toxic compound made by the reaction of carbon disulfide with hydrazine (hydrazinolysis). Thiocarbohydrazide is used in the silver proteinate specific staining of carbohydrates in electron microscopy.

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Triethyl Aluminium

Triethylaluminium is an organoaluminium compound. This volatile, colourless liquid is highly pyrophoric, igniting immediately upon exposure to air. It is normally stored in stainless steel containers either as a pure liquid or as a solution in hydrocarbon solvents. Triethylaluminium is mainly used as a cocatalyst in the industrial production of polyethylene and for the production of medium chain alcohols. It has niches uses as a precursor to other organoaluminium compounds, such as diethylaluminium cyanide. It also can be used as a rocket fuel, but has not been for any production vehicle.

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Triethylene Glycol

Triethylene Glycol is derived as a coproduct in the manufacture of ethylene glycol from ethylene oxide.It is a larger molecule than MEG, DEG and has two ether groups. It is less clear and less hygroscopic.It is useful in the dehydration of gases, manufacture of insecticides and in the synthesis of some organic derivatives.It is also used in the production of plasticizers for cellophane, glue, cork, powdered ceramics and some plastics, as a component in the formulation of some pigments, printing dyes, inks and pastes. It is also used for air fumigation.

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m-Phenylenediamine

m-Phenylenediamine is an aromatic amine. It is an isomer of o-phenylenediamine and p-phenylenediamine. It is used in the preparation various polymers including aramid fibers, epoxy resins, wire enamel coatings and polyurea elastomers. Other uses for m-phenylenediamine include as an accelerator for adhesive resins, and as a component for hair dyes and dyes for leather and textiles.

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