Ophthalmology Drugs used in eye diseases treatment

chemical-categories

Dexamethasone

Dexamethasone is a potent synthetic member of the glucocorticoid class of steroid drugs.It is a glucocorticoid anti-inflammatory agent.It regulates T cell survival, growth, and differentiation and Inhibits the induction of nitric oxide synthase.It acts as an anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressant.It is also used to treat difficult ear infections, especially in dogs. It can also be combined with trichlormethiazide to treat horses with swelling of distal limbs and general bruising.Dexamethasone is used in transvenous screw-in cardiac pacing leads to minimize the inflammatory response of the myocardium,used as a direct chemotherapeutic agent in certain hematological malignancies, especially in the treatment of multiple myeloma.

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Chloramphenicol

Chloramphenicol is a bacteriostatic antimicrobial. It is considered a prototypical broad-spectrum antibiotic, alongside the tetracyclines.It is effective against a wide variety of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, including most anaerobic organisms. It has a relatively simple structure and was the first broad-spectrum antibiotic to be discovered. It acts by interfering with bacterial protein synthesis and is mainly bacteriostatic.Chloramphenicol is used in treatment of cholera, as it destroys the vibrios and decreases the diarrhea. It is effective against tetracycline-resistant vibrios. It is also used in eye drops or ointment to treat bacterial conjunctivitis.

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Rupatadine Fumarate

Rupatadine Fumarate is H1 and PAF antagonist used primarily in treatment of allergic rhinitis symptoms, seasonal or perennial.

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latanoprost USP 99%

Name

Latanoprost

Synonyms

Propan-2-yl 7-[3,5-dihydroxy-2-(3-hydroxy-5-phenyl-pentyl)-cyclopentyl]hept-5-enoate

Molecular Formula

C26H40O5

Molecular Weight

432.60

CAS Registry Number

130209-82-4

 

Pale yellow to colorless Oil

Specific Rotation:+32°~ +38°

Water≤0.5%

Purity by HPLC> 99.0%

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Bepotastine Besilate

Bepotastine Besilate is a selective histamine1-receptor antagonist and mast cell stabilizer with inhibitory effects on eosinophilic activity. It is used to treat itching of the eye caused by a condition known as allergic conjunctivitis. It works by preventing the effects of certain inflammatory substances, which are produced by cells in your eyes and sometimes cause allergic reactions.

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Betaxolo Hydrochloride

Betaxolo Hydrochloride is a β-adrenergic blocking agent used primarily in the treatment of raised intra-ocular pressure, open-angle glaucoma, ocular hypertension, pseudo-exfoliative glaucoma and closed-angle glaucoma. Betaxolol hydrochloride is used in conditions such as ocular hypertension or open-angle glaucoma where there is increased pressure inside the eye. It works by reducing the amount of fluid that is produced inside the eye. This leads to a reduction in pressure inside the eye. It may be used alone or in combination with other intraocular pressure lowering medications.

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Brimonidine D-Tartrate

Brimonidine D-Tartrate is a relatively selective α-2 adrenergic agonist for ophthalmic use.It is a prescription eye drop. It is approved to treat high eye pressure in people with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension. It has a peak ocular hypotensive effect occurring at two hours post-dosing. It binds to and activates alpha receptors in the eye, causing two important effects. It decreases the amount of fluid (known as aqueous humor) produced by the eye and increases the rate of drainage.

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Azelastine Hydrochloride

Azelastine Hydrochloride is an Histamine H1 Receptor (H1-receptor) antagonist, with antiallergic effects related to histamine antagonism, and further antiallergic and antiinflammatory effects unrelated to H1-receptor binding. It is an activator of NF κB.

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Olopatadine Hydrochloride

Olopatadine Hydrochloride is an antihistamine as well as anticholinergic and mast cell stabilizer. It is used to treat itching associated with allergic conjunctivitis.

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Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate

Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate is a systemic corticosteroid. It induces apoptosis and inhibits sodium phosphate symporter. It is used in the treatment of emetic effects of cancer therapy and epicondylitis, to treat eye inflammation caused by infections, injury, surgery, or other conditions. Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate suppresses the inflammatory response to a variety of agents and it probably delays or slows healing.

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