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Chondroitin Sulfate

Chondroitin Sulfate is a sulfated glycosaminoglycan (GAG) composed of a chain of alternating sugars (N-acetylgalactosamine and glucuronic acid). It is usually found attached to proteins as part of a proteoglycan. It is a major component of extracellular matrix, and is important in maintaining the structural integrity of the tissue. Chondroitin Sulfate readily interacts with proteins in the extracellular matrix due to its negative charges. It is used in the treatment of Osteoarthiritis.

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Chromium Picolinate

Chromium picolinate is the chemical compound that is sold as a nutritional supplement to prevent or treat chromium deficiency. Chromium picolinate benefits include aiding in weight loss, lowering blood sugar in people with type 2 diabetes, and treating polycystic ovarian syndrome. Of all the common uses, using it for type 2 diabetes has the most scientific evidence.

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Chromomycin A3

Chromomycin A3 is a glycosidic antibiotic produced at the fermentation of a strain of Streptomyces griseus.

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Cichoric Acid

Cichoric acid is a hydroxycinnamic acid, an organic compound of the phenylpropanoid class and occurs in a variety of plant species. It is a derivative of both caffeic acid and tartaric acid. It has been shown to stimulate phagocytosis in both in vitro and in vivo studies, to inhibit the function of hyaluronidase, protect collagen from damage due to free radicals, and inhibit the function of HIV-1 integrase.

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Ciclazindol

Ciclazindol is an antidepressant and anorectic drug of the tetracyclic chemical class that was developed in the mid to late 1970s, but was never marketed. It acts as a norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor, and to a lesser extent as a dopamine reuptake inhibitor. It has no effects on the SERT, 5-HT receptors, mACh receptors, or α-adrenergic receptors, and has only weak affinity for the H1 receptor. As suggested by its local anesthetic properties, ciclazindol may also inhibit sodium channels. It is known to block potassium channels as well.

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Ciclopirox Olamine, USP

Ciclopirox is a cosmetic chemical.

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Ciclotizolam

Ciclotizolam is a drug which is a thienobenzodiazepine derivative. It is a partial agonist for the benzodiazepine site of the GABAA receptor, with similar binding affinity to related compounds like brotizolam, but a low efficacy.

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Cidofovir

Cidofovir is an injectable antiviral medication for the treatment of cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis in patients with AIDS. It suppresses CMV replication by selective inhibition of viral DNA synthesis.Kidney damage, fall in the number of white blood cells, decreased platelets.

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Ciglitazone

Ciglitazone is a thiazolidinedione. It is considered the prototypical compound for the thiazolidinedione class. It was never used as a medication, but it sparked interest in the effects of thiazolidinediones. It significantly decreases VEGF production by human granulosa cells in an in vitro study, and may potentially be used in ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome. It is a potent and selective PPARγ ligand. It is active in vivo as an anti-hyperglycemic agent in the ob/ob murine model. Inhibits HUVEC differentiation and angiogenesis and also stimulates adipogenesis and decreases osteoblastogenesis in human mesenchymal stem cells.

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