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Abiraterone

Abiraterone is a drug currently under investigation for use in castration-resistant prostate cancer. It blocks the formation of testosterone by inhibiting CYP17A1, an enzyme also known as 17α-hydroxylase/17,20 lyase. This enzyme is involved in the formation of DHEA and androstenedione, which may ultimately be metabolized into testosterone. This drug was initially discovered at the Institute of Cancer Research in London.

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Abunidazole

Abunidazole is an antifungal drug.

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Aceclofenac

Aceclofenac is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug. It is used for the relief of pain and inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis and ankylosing spondylitis. It is a cytokine inhibitor. Aceclofenac works by blocking the action of a substance in the body called cyclo-oxygenase. Cyclo-oxygenase is involved in the production of prostaglandins which cause pain, swelling and inflammation.

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Acetanilide

Acetanilide is used as an inhibitor in hydrogen peroxide and is used to stabilize cellulose ester varnishes. It has also found uses in the intermediation in rubber accelerator synthesis, dyes and dye intermediate synthesis, and camphor synthesis. It is used as a precursor in the synthesis of penicillin and other pharmaceuticals.

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Aclarubicin

Aclarubicin is an anthracycline drug that is used in the treatment of cancer.

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Actinomycin

The actinomycins are a class of polypeptide antibiotics isolated from soil bacteria of the genus Streptomyces, of which the most significant is actinomycin D. It was the first antibiotic isolated by Selman Waksman and his co-worker H. B. Woodruff in 1940. Actinomycin D is one of the older chemotherapy drugs, and has been used in therapy for many years. It is a clear, yellow liquid administered intravenously and most commonly used in treatment of a variety of cancers including gestational trophoblastic neoplasia, Wilms' tumor and rhabdomyosarcoma. It was the first antibiotic shown to have anti-cancer activity, but is not normally used as such, as it is highly toxic, causing damage to genetic material.

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Adafenoxate

Adafenoxate is a compound related to centrophenoxine, that has been found to act as a nootropic in rats.

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Afimoxifene

Afimoxifene is a selective estrogen receptor modulator whose active ingredient is 4-hydroxytamoxifen which is identical to the active metabolite of tamoxifen. It is a transdermal gel formulation. It has completed a phase II clinical trial for the treatment of cyclical mastalgia.

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Agomelatine

Agomelatine is an antidepressant. It is marketed for the treatment of major depressive disorder and has been reported to have a reduced level of sexual side effects as well as discontinuation effects compared to some other antidepressants. Agomelatine may also have positive effects on sleep. Agomelatine resynchronises circadian rhythms in animal models of delayed sleep phase syndrome and other circadian rhythm disruptions. It increases noradrenaline and dopamine release specifically in the frontal cortex and has no influence on the extracellular levels of serotonin. Agomelatine has shown an antidepressant-like effect in animal models of depression as well as in models with circadian rhythm desynchronisation and in models related to stress and anxiety. In humans, agomelatine has positive phase shifting properties.

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