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Cefamandole

Cefamandole is a second-generation broad-spectrum cephalosporin antibiotic. The clinically used form of cefamandole is the formate ester cefamandole nafate, a prodrug which is administered parenterally. Cefamandole has a broad spectrum of activity and can be used to treat bacterial infections of the skin, bones and joints, urinary tract, and lower respiratory tract.

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Chloroquine

Chloroquine is a 4-aminoquinoline drug used in the treatment or prevention of malaria.It is the prototype anti malarial drug, most widely used to treat all types of malaria except for disease caused by chloroquine resistant Plasmodium falciparum. It is highly effective against erythrocytic forms of Plasmodium vivax, Plasmodium ovale and Plasmodium malariae, sensitive strains of Plasmodium falciparum and gametocytes of Plasmodium vivax.Chloroquine inhibits the parasitic enzyme heme polymerase that converts the toxic heme into non-toxic hemazoin, thereby resulting in the accumulation of toxic heme within the parasite. It may also interfere with the biosynthesis of nucleic acids.

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Ciclazindol

Ciclazindol is an antidepressant and anorectic drug of the tetracyclic chemical class that was developed in the mid to late 1970s, but was never marketed. It acts as a norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor, and to a lesser extent as a dopamine reuptake inhibitor. It has no effects on the SERT, 5-HT receptors, mACh receptors, or α-adrenergic receptors, and has only weak affinity for the H1 receptor. As suggested by its local anesthetic properties, ciclazindol may also inhibit sodium channels. It is known to block potassium channels as well.

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Ciglitazone

Ciglitazone is a thiazolidinedione. It is considered the prototypical compound for the thiazolidinedione class. It was never used as a medication, but it sparked interest in the effects of thiazolidinediones. It significantly decreases VEGF production by human granulosa cells in an in vitro study, and may potentially be used in ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome. It is a potent and selective PPARγ ligand. It is active in vivo as an anti-hyperglycemic agent in the ob/ob murine model. Inhibits HUVEC differentiation and angiogenesis and also stimulates adipogenesis and decreases osteoblastogenesis in human mesenchymal stem cells.

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Cilansetron

Cilansetron is a drug that is a 5HT-3 antagonist. 5HT-3 receptors are responsible for causing many things from nausea to excess bowel movements. It is thought in conditions like irritable bowel syndrome the receptors have become faulty or oversensitive. 5HT-3 antagonists work by blocking the nervous and chemical signals from reaching these receptors.

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Cilnidipine

Cilnidipine is a calcium channel blocker.Cilnidipine is the novel calcium antagonist accompanied with L-type and N-type calcium channel blocking function. Cilnidipine is used for hypertension management.

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Cinitapride

Cinitapride is a gastroprokinetic agent and antiulcer agent of the benzamide class. It acts as an agonist of the 5-HT1 and 5-HT4 receptors and as an antagonist of the 5-HT2 receptors.

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Cinolazepam

Cinolazepam is a drug which is a benzodiazepine derivative. It possesses anxiolytic, anticonvulsant, sedative and skeletal muscle relaxant properties. Due to its strong sedative properties, it is primarily used as an hypnotic.

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Citric Acid

Citric acid is a weak organic acid. It is a natural preservative and is also used to add an acidic, or sour, taste to foods and soft drinks. In biochemistry, it is important as an intermediate in the citric acid cycle and therefore occurs in the metabolism of virtually all living things. It can also be used as an environmentally benign cleaning agent. Citric acid's ability to chelate metals makes it useful in soaps and laundry detergents. Ash rocks and citric acid are used in biotechnology and the pharmaceutical industry to passivate high-purity process piping. It is commonly used as a buffer to increase the solubility of brown heroin. Single-use citric acid sachets have been used as an inducement to get heroin users to exchange their dirty needles for clean needles in an attempt to decrease the spread of AIDS and hepatitis. Citric acid is used as one of the active ingredients in the production of anti-viral tissues. As a food additive, citric acid is used as a flavoring and preservative in food and beverages. It is used as a successful alternative to nitric acid in passivation of stainless steel. It can be used to slow setting of Portland cement. It can delay setting time substantially. It is also used as a stop bath as part of the process for developing photographic film.

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Clenbuterol

Clenbuterol is a sympathomimetic amine used by sufferers of breathing disorders as a decongestant and bronchodilator. People with chronic breathing disorders such as asthma use this as a bronchodilator to make breathing easier.

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