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Flucytosine

Flucytosine is a toxic antifungal/antimicrobial agent.It is also used as pharma intermediate.

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Fludarabine

Fludarabine is a chemotherapy drug used in the treatment of hematological malignancies. Fludarabine is highly effective in the treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia, producing higher response rates than alkylating agents such as chlorambucil alone. Fludarabine is used in various combinations with cyclophosphamide, mitoxantrone, dexamethasone and rituximab in the treatment of indolent non-Hodgkins lymphomas. Fludarabine is a purine analog, and can be given both orally and intravenously. Fludarabine inhibits DNA synthesis by interfering with ribonucleotide reductase and DNA polymerase. It is active against both dividing and resting cells. Fludarabine is associated with profound lymphopenia, and as a consequence, increases the risk of opportunistic infections significantly. Fludarabine causes anemia, thrombocytopenia and neutropenia.

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Fludiazepam

Fludiazepam is a drug which is a benzodiazepine derivative and is closely related to diazepam. It exerts its pharmacological properties via enhancement of GABAergic inhibition. It has 4 times more binding affinity for benzodiazepine receptors than diazepam. It possesses anxiolytic, anticonvulsant, sedative, hypnotic and skeletal muscle relaxant properties.

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Fluvoxamine

Fluvoxamine is an antidepressant which functions as a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI). Fluvoxamine was first approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 1993 for the treatment of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD).Fluvoxamine has been found to be useful in the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD), and anxiety disorders such as panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorders. Fluvoxamine is indicated for children and adolescents with OCD. Fluvoxamine is a potent and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor with approximately 100-fold affinity for the serotonin transporter over the norepinephrine transporter. It has negligible affinity for the dopamine transporter or any other receptor, with the sole exception of the σ1 receptor. It behaves as a potent agonist at this receptor.

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Formebolone

Formebolone is an anabolic steroid. It is used as a muscle inflammatory. It will inflame a local injection site and cause the muscle to gain size temporarily.

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Fotemustine

Fotemustine is a nitrosourea alkylating agent approved for use in the treatment of metastasising melanoma. A study has shown that fotemustine produces improved response rates and increased survival over dacarbazine in the treatment of disseminated cutaneous melanoma.

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Fulvestrant

Fulvestrant is a drug treatment of hormone receptor-positive metastatic breast cancer in post-menopausal women with disease progression following anti-estrogen therapy. It is an estrogen receptor antagonist with no agonist effects, which works both by down-regulating and by degrading the estrogen receptor. Fulvestrant competitively and reversibly binds to estrogen receptors present in cancer cells and achieves its anti-estrogen effects through two separate mechanisms. First, fulvestrant binds to the receptors and downregulates them so that estrogen is no longer able to bind to these receptors. Second, fulvestrant degrades the estrogen receptors to which it is bound. Both of these mechanisms inhibit the growth of tamoxifen-resistant as well as estrogen-sensitive human breast cancer cell lines.

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Fulvic Acid

Fulvic Acid is one of the components of the humus soil. It contains carbon, nitrogen, and its hydrogen, oxygen content is high. Fulvic Acid as a topical dressing for wounds, as an antiviral treatment for shingles, athlete's foot and ringworm, and to neutralize the poisons in poison ivy and poison oak. It is one of the components of the humus soil. It is a kind of soluble in water to black powder material. It is a kind of plant growth regulator, can promote plant growth, and has an important role to drought, can improve plant resilience, increasing production and improving quality function. It is also used for medical treatment, can increase immunity of body, adjust intestines and stomach function, diminish inflammation and lymphokinesis role of hypertension, used for feed additive, industrial, cigars dyeing agents, ceramic additives, dressing inhibitors, battery cathode expansive agent, heavy metal ion adsorbent.

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Gadodiamide

Gadodiamide is a gadolinium based contrast agent used in MR imaging procedures to assist in the visualization of blood vessels. It is commonly marketed under the trade name Omniscan

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Gallic Acid

Gallic acid is a trihydroxybenzoic acid, a type of phenolic acid, a type of organic acid, found in gallnuts, sumac, witch hazel, tea leaves, oak bark, and other plants. Gallic acid is found both free and as part of tannins. Salts and esters of gallic acid are termed 'gallates'. It is commonly used in the pharmaceutical industry. It is used as a standard for determining the phenol content of various analytes by the Folin-Ciocalteau assay; results are reported in gallic acid equivalents. Gallic acid can also be used as a starting material in the synthesis of the psychedelic alkaloid mescaline. Gallic acid seems to have anti-fungal and anti-viral properties. It acts as an antioxidant and helps to protect our cells against oxidative damage. Gallic acid is also used to treat albuminuria and diabetes. Some ointments to treat psoriasis and external haemorrhoids contain gallic acid.

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