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Moclobemide

Moclobemide is a monoamine oxidase inhibitor drug primarily used to treat depression and social anxiety. Although clinical trials with the medicine began in 1977, it is not approved for use in the United States. It is produced by affiliates of the Hoffmann–La Roche pharmaceutical company.

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Monobenzone

Monobenzone is a compound used as a topical drug for medical depigmentation. It is the monobenzyl ether of hydroquinone.

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Montelukast

Montelukast is a leukotriene receptor antagonist used for the maintenance treatment of asthma and to relieve symptoms of seasonal allergies. It is usually administered orally. It is a CysLT1 antagonist; that is it blocks the action of leukotriene D4 on the cysteinyl leukotriene receptor CysLT1 in the lungs and bronchial tubes by binding to it. This reduces the bronchoconstriction otherwise caused by the leukotriene and results in less inflammation. Because of its method of operation, it is not useful for the treatment of acute asthma attacks. Again because of its very specific focus of operation, it does not interact with other asthma medications such as theophylline.

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Mosapramine

Mosapramine is an atypical antipsychotic used in Japan. It is a potent dopamine antagonist with high affinity to the D2, D3, and D4 receptors, and with moderate affinity for the 5-HT2 receptors.

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Naltrindole

Naltrindole is a highly potent, highly selective delta opioid receptor antagonist used in biomedical research.

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Narcotoline

Narcotoline is an opiate alkaloid chemically related to noscapine. It binds to the same receptors in the brain as noscapine to act as an antitussive, and has also been used in tissue culture media. It can be obtained from the opium poppy, Papaver somniferum.

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Nateglinide

Nateglinide is a drug for the treatment of type 2 diabetes.Nateglinide belongs to the meglitinide class of blood glucose-lowering drugs. Nateglinide lowers blood glucose by stimulating the release of insulin from the pancreas. It achieves this by closing ATP-dependent potassium channels in the membrane of the β cells. This depolarizes the β cells and causes voltage-gated calcium channels to open. The resulting calcium influx induces fusion of insulin-containing vesicles with the cell membrane, and insulin secretion occurs.

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Nemonapride

Nemonapride is a typical antipsychotic approved in Japan for the treatment of schizophrenia. It was launched by Yamanouchi in 1991. It acts as a D2 and D3 receptor antagonist.

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Niclosamide

Niclosamide is a teniacide in the anthelmintic family especially effective against cestodes that infect humans. It is also used as a piscicide. It is stressed that while antihelmintics are a drug family used to treat worm infections, niclosamide is used specifically to treat tapeworms and is not effective against worms such as pinworms or roundworms. It is a chewable tablet taken orally, dosage depending on type of worm and patient's age and weight. Niclosamide molecules are lethal to tapeworms upon contact.

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Nogalamycin

Nogalamycin is an anthracycline. It is too toxic to be used clinically but it has a unique structure among aromatic polyketides, which makes it interesting.

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