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Buprenorphine

Buprenorphine is a semi-synthetic opioid that is used to treat opioid addiction in higher dosages and to control moderate pain in non-opioid tolerant individuals in lower dosages. It is a Bentley-derivative opioid of the phenanthrene-morpholine class with extremely high binding affinity at the µ- and κ-opioid receptor. It has partial agonist activity at the µ-opioid receptor, partial or full agonist activity at the nociceptin and δ-opioid receptor, and competitive antagonist activity at the κ-opioid receptor.

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Butyraldehyde

Butyraldehyde is the aldehyde derivative of butane. Butyraldehyde is produced almost exclusively by the hydroformylation of propylene. Butyraldehyde can be produced by the catalytic dehydrogenation of n-butanol. Butyraldehyde is used as an intermediate in the manufacturing plasticizers, alcohols, solvents and polymers (such as 2-Ethylhexanol, n-butanol, trimethylolpropane, n-butyric acid, polyvinyl butyral, methyl amyl ketone). It is also used as an intermediate to make pharmaceuticals, agrochemicals, antioxidants, rubber accelerators, textile auxiliaries, perfumery and flavors.

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Calendula Oil

Calendula Oil is obtained from the flowers of Calendula officinalis commonly known as pot marigold . It is used as a fragrance and flavor ingredient, Aromatherapy oils, spa's oils, as a herbal Ingredient in cosmetic and medicinal Products.

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Canagliflozin

Canagliflozin is a drug for the treatment of type 2 diabetes.Canagliflozin is in a class of medications called sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors. It lowers blood sugar by causing the kidneys to get rid of more glucose in the urine. Canagliflozin is not used to treat type 1 diabetes or diabetic ketoacidosis.

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Carbamazepine

Carbamazepine is an anticonvulsant and mood-stabilizing drug used primarily in the treatment of epilepsy and bipolar disorder, as well as trigeminal neuralgia. It is also used off-label for a variety of indications, including attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), schizophrenia, phantom limb syndrome, complex regional pain syndrome, paroxysmal extreme pain disorder, neuromyotonia, intermittent explosive disorder, borderline personality disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder. Carbamazepine inhibits sustained repetitive firing by blocking use-dependent sodium channels. Carbamazepine also possesses anticholinergic, central antidiuretic, antiarrhythmic, muscle relaxant, antidepressant (possibly through blockade of norepinephrine release), sedative, and neuromuscular-blocking properties.

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Carbinoxamine

Carbinoxamine is an antihistamine and anticholinergic. It was first launched in the United States by the McNeil Corporation. It is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for hay fever, vasomotor rhinitis, mild urticaria, angioedema, dermatographism and allergic conjunctivitis.

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Cephaloridine

Cephaloridine is a cephalosporin compound with pyridinium-1-ylmethyl and 2-thienylacetamido side groups. Cephaloridine is a first generation semisynthetic derivative of cephalosporin C. Cephaloridine can be synthesised from Cephalotin and pyridine by deacetylation. Cephalosporins have a six membered sulfur containing ring adjoining a β lactam ring. Cephaloridine is very active against gram positive cocci and used in a large variety of bacterial infections, such as respiratory tract, skin and urinary tract infections. Antibiotics require constant drug level in body for therapeutic effect. Cephaloridine is, however, highly cytotoxic to the proximal renal tubule, the segment of the nephron responsible for the secretion of organic anions, including para-am-minohippurate (PAH), as well as the various penicillin and cephalosporin antibiotics. Cephaloridine was used to treat 136 bacterial infections in 122 hospitalized patients. Its antibacterial and clinical effectiveness against serious staphylococcal infections compared favorably with that of cephalothin sodium and of penicillinase-resistant penicillins in similar cases. Cephaloridine was highly effective clinically and in eradicating the causative organisms in infections due to pneumococci, streptococci, Escherichia coli, and Proteus mirabilis; but its effectiveness against klebsielleae was variable. Cephaloridine is excreted in the urine without undergoing metabolism. It inhibits organic ion transport in the kidney. This process is preceded by the lipid peroxidation.

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Cephalotaxine

Cephalotaxine is an antiviral and antitumor agent. It is benzazepine alkaloid isolated from Cephalotaxus harringtonia. Cephalotaxine is used for the determination and identification, pharmacological experiments.

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Chamomile Oil

Chamomile oil is having two varieties Roman and German chamomile.It is used in perfumes, flavours and aromatherapy products.

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Chlorhexidine

Chlorhexidine is a chemical antiseptic. It is effective on both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, although it is less effective with some Gram-negative bacteria. It has both bactericidal and bacteriostatic mechanisms of action. It is also useful against fungi and enveloped viruses, though this has not been extensively investigated. For use in animals, it is used as a topical disinfectant of wounds. It is commonly used to manage skin infections in dogs. It is harmful in high concentrations, but is used safely in low concentrations in many products, such as mouthwash and contact lens solutions.

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