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Chloroprocaine

Chloroprocaine is a local anesthetic given by injection during surgical procedures and labor and delivery. It constricts blood vessels resulting in reduced blood loss; this is in contrast to other local anesthetics e.g. lidocaine, which do not do such. Chloroprocaine is an ester anesthetic.

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Chloropyramine

Chloropyramine is a classical antihistamine drug approved in some Eastern European countries for the treatment of allergic conjunctivitis, allergic rhinitis, bronchial asthma, and other atopic conditions. Related indications for clinical use include Quincke's edema, allergic reactions to insect bites, food and drug allergies, and anaphylactic shock. It is known as a competitive reversible H1-receptor antagonist, meaning that it exerts its pharmacological action by competing with histamine for the H1 subtype histamine receptor. By blocking the effects of histamine, the drug inhibits the vasodilation, increased vascular permeability, and tissue edema associated with histamine release in the tissue. The H1-antagonistic properties of chloropyramine can be used by researchers for the purposes of blocking the effects of histamine on cells and tissues. In addition, chloropyramine has some anticholinergic properties.

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Chlorpromazine

Chlorpromazine is a typical antipsychotic. First synthesized on December 11, 1950, chlorpromazine was the first drug developed with specific antipsychotic action, and would serve as the prototype for the phenothiazine class of drugs, which later grew to comprise several other agents. The introduction of chlorpromazine into clinical use has been described as the single greatest advance in psychiatric care, dramatically improving the prognosis of patients in psychiatric hospitals worldwide. The availability of antipsychotic drugs curtailed indiscriminate use of electroconvulsive therapy and psychosurgery, and was one of the driving forces behind the deinstitutionalization movement.

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Chlorpropamide

Chlorpropamide is a drug in the sulphonylurea class used to treat type 2 diabetes mellitus. It is a long-acting sulphonylurea. It has more side effects than other sulphonylureas and its use is no longer recommended.

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Chlorthalidone

Chlorthalidone is a diuretic drug used to treat hypertension. It is described as a thiazide diuretic. Compared with other medications of the thiazide class, chlorthalidone has the longest duration of action, but a similar diuretic effect at maximal therapeutic doses. It is often used in the management of hypertension and edema.

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Chromomycin A3

Chromomycin A3 is a glycosidic antibiotic produced at the fermentation of a strain of Streptomyces griseus.

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Cinnamaldehyde

Cinnamaldehyde is the organic compound that gives cinnamon its flavor and odor. This pale yellow viscous liquid occurs naturally in the bark of cinnamon trees and other species of the genus Cinnamomum. The essential oil of cinnamon bark is about 90% cinnamaldehyde. The most obvious application for cinnamaldehyde is as flavoring in items like chewing gum, ice cream, candy, and beverages range from 9 to 4900ppm. It is also used in some perfumes of natural, sweet, or fruity scents. Cinnamaldehyde is also used as a fungicide. Another use for cinnamaldehyde is as an antimicrobial.

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Cinnamonitrile

Cinnamonitrile is one of the important pharmaceutical raw materials, commonly used in external use, synthetic drugs.

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Citronella Oil

Citronella oil is one of the essential oils obtained from the leaves and stems of different species of Cymbopogan. The oil is used extensively as a source of perfumery. These chemicals find extensive use in soap, perfumery, cosmetic and flavouring industries throughout the world.

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Clobenztropine

Clobenztropine is an antihistamine.

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