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Ethane, chloro

A colorless gas with a sweet odor. Easily ignited. Shipped as a liquefied gas under own vapor pressure. Contact with the unconfined liquid may cause frostbite by evaporative cooling. Leaks may be liquid or vapor. Vapors are heavier than air. May asphyxiate by the displacement of air. Under prolonged exposure to fire or intense heat the containers may rupture violently and rocket. Suspected carcinogen. Used to make plastics, adhesives, and other chemicals.

Properties
Etidronic Acid

Etidronic acid is a bisphosphonate used in detergents, water treatment, cosmetics and pharmaceutical treatment. An etidronate is a salt of etidronic acid. It is a chelating agent and may be added to bind or, to some extent, counter the effects of substances, such as calcium, iron or other metal ions, which may be discharged as a component of grey wastewater and could conceivably contaminate groundwater supplies. As a phosphonate it has corrosion inhibiting properties on unnalloyed steel. Etidronic acid also acts to retard rancidification and oxidation of fatty acids.

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Eucalyptus Oil

Eucalyptus oil is obtained from the leaves of plant Eucalyptus globules. It is used in food flavoring, Pharmaceutical aid, health tonics, blood purifier, ayurvedic and herbal preparations.

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Fenclozic Acid

Fenclozic acid is an analgesic, antipyretic, and anti-inflammatory drug.

Properties
Glyclopyramide

Glyclopyramide is a sulfonylurea drug used in the treatment of diabetes. It has been marketed in Japan since 1965. It is classified as second generation.

Properties
Hydrocortisone

Hydrocortisone is a steroid hormone, or glucocorticoid, produced by the adrenal gland. It is released in response to stress and a low level of blood glucocorticoids. Its primary functions are to increase blood sugar through gluconeogenesis, suppress the immune system, and aid in fat, protein and carbohydrate metabolism.Hydrocortisone counteracts insulin, contributes to hyperglycemia-causing hepatic gluconeogenesis and inhibits the peripheral utilization of glucose (insulin resistance) by decreasing the translocation of glucose transporters (especially GLUT4) to the cell membrane,stimulates gastric-acid secretion.It acts as a diuretic hormone, controlling one-half of intestinal diuresis.It reduces bone formation, favoring long-term development of osteoporosis. It transports potassium out of cells in exchange for an equal number of sodium ions,increases blood pressure by increasing the sensitivity of the vasculature to epinephrine and norepinephrine,inhibits secretion of corticotropin-releasing hormone.

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Hydromorphinol

Hydromorphinol is an opiate analogue that is a derivative of morphine, where the 14-position has been hydroxylated and the 7,8- double bond saturated. It has similar effects to morphine such as sedation, analgesia and respiratory depression, but is more potent and has a steeper dose-response curve and longer half-life. It is used in medicine as the bitartrate salt and hydrochloride. It was developed in Austria in 1932.

Properties
Isocitric Acid

Isocitric acid is a protonated form of isocitrate, which is a substrate of the citric acid cycle.It is commonly used as a marker to detect the authenticity and quality of fruit products, most often citrus juices.

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Kynurenic Acid

Kynurenic acid is a product of the normal metabolism of amino acid L-tryptophan. It has been shown that kynurenic acid possesses neuroactive activity. It acts as an antiexcitotoxic and anticonvulsant, most likely through acting as an antagonist at excitatory amino acid receptors. Because of this activity, it may influence important neurophysiologic and neuropathologic processes. As a result, kynurenic acid has been considered for use in therapy in certain neurobiological disorders. Conversely, increased levels of kynurenic acid have also been linked to certain pathological conditions.

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