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Calcium Lactate

Calcium Lactate is a white crystalline salt made by the action of lactic acid on calcium carbonate. It is used in foods and given medicinally. It is often found in aged cheeses. Small crystals of it precipitate out when lactic acid is converted into a less soluble form by the bacteria active during the ripening process. In medicine, it is most commonly used as an antacid and also to treat calcium deficiencies.

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Calcium Nitrite

Calcium nitrite is used as hardening accelerator for cement and antifreeze inhibitor. Besides, it is also used as corrosion inhibitors for the pharmaceutical industry, organic synthesis and lubricants.

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Calcium Orotate

Calcium orotate is widely used in making calcium supplements. It causes suppression of the appetite, and therefore assists in weight loss. It is a vegetarian calcium supplement with a functional amino acid chelating ligand - orotic acid. It is particularly relevant for the treatment of autoimmune and inflammatory disorders including degenerative joint disease. Calcium orotate also helps in the maintenance of healthy cartilage.

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Chebulagic Acid

Chebulagic acid is a benzopyran tannin antioxidant that has many potential uses in medicine. It has been found to be immunosuppressive, hepatoprotective, and a potent alpha-glucosidase inhibitor, a human gut enzyme useful in diabetic studies. It has been shown to be active against Staphylococcus aureus and Candida albicans. It is found in the plants Terminalia chebula, T. citrina and T. catappa.

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Chloral Hydrate

Chloral hydrate is a sedative and hypnotic drug as well as a chemical reagent and precursor. It was discovered through the chlorination of ethanol in 1832 by Justus von Liebig in Gießen. Its sedative properties were first published in 1869 and subsequently, because of its easy synthesis, its use was widespread. It was widely used recreationally and misprescribed in the late 19th century. A solution of chloral hydrate in alcohol called "knockout drops" was used to prepare a Mickey Finn. More reputable uses of chloral hydrate include its use as a clearing agent of chitin and as a key ingredient of Hoyer's mounting medium, which is used for slide-mounted observation of organisms under a large microscope. In electroplating industry it is used to adjust the electronic potential difference in semi-bright nickel plating and in agriculture, it is used as intermediate of herbicide and other kinds of pesticides .

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Chlormethiazole

Chlormethiazole is a sedative and hypnotic that is widely used in treating and preventing symptoms of acute alcohol withdrawal. It is a drug which is structurally related to thiamine but acts like a sedative, hypnotic, muscle relaxant and anticonvulsant. It is also used for the management of agitation, restlessness, short-term insomnia and Parkinson's disease in the elderly.

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Chlorprothixene

Chlorprothixene is a typical antipsychotic drug of the thioxanthene class and was the first of the series to be synthesized. It was introduced in 1959 by Lundbeck. Chlorprothixene is not approved for use in the United States.

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Cholecalciferol

Cholecalciferol is a form of vitamin D. It is structurally similar to steroids such as testosterone, cholesterol, and cortisol. It is used as additives in feed premixes. It is also used in pharmaceutical & cosmetic industry.

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Clavulanic Acid

Clavulanic Acid is a β-lactam drug that functions as a mechanism-based β-lactamase inhibitor. Clavulanic Acid was discovered around 1974/75 by British scientists working at the drug company Beecham. Clavulanic acid is biosynthetically generated from the amino acid arginine and the sugar glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate.

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Cyanocobalamine

Cyanocobalamin is an especially common vitamer of the vitamin B12 family. It is the most famous vitamer of the family, because it is, in chemical terms, the most air-stable. It is the easiest to crystallize and, therefore, easiest to purify after it is produced by bacterial fermentation, or synthesized in vitro. A form of vitamin B12 called hydroxocobalamin is produced by bacteria, and then changed to cyanocobalamin in the process of being purified in activated charcoal columns after being separated from the bacterial cultures. Cyanide is naturally present in activated charcoal, and hydroxocobalamin, which has great affinity for cyanide, picks it up, and is changed to cyanocobalamin. Thus, the cyanocobalamin form of B12 is the most widespread in the food industry.

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