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Potassium Chloride

The chemical compound potassium chloride is a metal halide salt composed of potassium and chlorine. White potash, sometimes referred to as soluble potash, is usually higher in analysis and is used primarily for making liquid starter fertilizers. Potassium chloride is used in medicine, scientific applications, food processing and in judicial execution through lethal injection. It occurs naturally as the mineral sylvite and in combination with sodium chloride as sylvinite. It is sometimes used in water as a completion fluid in petroleum and natural gas operations, as well as being an alternative to sodium chloride in household water softener units. Along with sodium chloride and lithium chloride, potassium chloride is used as a flux for the gas welding of aluminium.

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Potassium Citrate

Potassium citrate is a potassium salt of citric acid. As a food additive, potassium citrate is used to regulate acidity. Medicinally, it may be used to control kidney stones derived from either uric acid or cystine. Potassium citrate is an effective way to treat gout and arrhythmia, if the patient is hypokalemic. In common with other substances that render the urine alkaline, it may be used to reduce the danger of crystalluria during sulfonamide therapy. It is widely used to treat urinary calculi (kidney stones), and is often used by patients with cystinuria.

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Potassium Ferrocyanide

Potassium ferrocyanide is a coordination compound. It can be used as an alternate nitrogen source for plants. It is often used as a gardening technique. Industrially, this complex is used in metal extraction and to make adhesives, computer electronics, fire retardants, cosmetics, dyes, nylon, paints, inks, plexiglass, pharmaceuticals, and rocket propellant. It is also used in low doses in some food preparation. It works as an anti-caking agent and it removes copper from red wine, as copper is used as a fungicide on grapes. In the laboratory, potassium ferrocyanide is used to determine the concentration of potassium permanganate, a compound often used in titrations based on redoxreactions.

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Potassium Iodide

Potassium iodide is an inorganic compound. It is used medicinally in tablets. It is a precursor to silver iodide an important chemical in photography. It is a component in some disinfectants and hair treatment chemicals. It is also used as a fluorescence quenching agent in biomedical research, an application that takes advantage of collisional quenching of fluorescent substances by the iodide ion. The major uses of potassium iodide include use as a nutritional supplement in animal feeds and also the human diet.

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Potassium Oxonate

Potassium Oxonate is the potassium salt of oxonate, an enzyme inhibitor that modulates 5- fluorouracil (5-FU) toxicity. Potassium oxonate inhibits orotate phosphoribosyltransferase, which catalyzes the conversion of 5-FU to its active or phosphorylated form, FUMP. Upon oral administration, Oxonate is selectively distributed to the intracellular sites of tissues lining the small intestines, producing localized inhibitory effects within the gastrointestinal tract. As a result, 5-FU associated gastrointestinal toxic effects are reduced and the incidence of diarrhea or mucositis is decreased in 5-FU related therapy.

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Potassium Perchlorate

Potassium perchlorate is an inorganic salt. Like other perchlorates, this salt is a strong oxidizer and potentially reacts with many organic substances. This usually obtained as a colorless, crystalline solid is a common oxidizer used in fireworks, ammunition percussion caps, and is used variously in propellants, flash compositions, stars, and sparklers. It has been used as a solid rocket propellant, although in that application it has mostly been replaced by the higher performance ammonium perchlorate. Potassium perchlorate can be used as an antithyroid agent used to treat hyperthyroidism, usually in combination with one other medication.

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Potassium Permanganate

Potassium permanganate is an inorganic chemical compound. It is a strong oxidizing agent. It dissolves in water to give intense purple solutions, the evaporation of which gives prismatic purplish-black glistening crystals. Potassium permanganate is one of the principal chemicals used in the film and television industries to "age" props and set dressings. As an oxidant, potassium permanganate can act as a antiseptic. It is used in rural areas to remove iron and hydrogen sulfide from well and waste water.Aside from its use in water treatment, the other major application of potassium permanganate is as a reagent for the synthesis of organic compounds.

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Potassium Stearate

Potassium Stearate is used in plastic industry as well as in cosmetics. It is used as flatting and sanding agents in lacquers, coatings & inks. They can be applied in tablet manufacturing. It is used as drying lubricants and dusting agents for rubbers. It is used as catalysts in chemical synthesis and emulsifiers for emulsion polymerization of synthetic rubber and resin which can be approved for use in food contact applications,also used as waterproofing additives and ointments.

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Pralidoxime Iodide

Pralidoxime Iodide is an antidote approved for the reactivation of inhibited acetylcholinesterase.

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