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Benzene

Benzene is an organic compound that is a colorless or light-yellow liquid that has a relatively high melting point. The word benzene derives historically from gum benzoin, sometimes called benjamin. It is highly flammable, has a sweet odor and quickly evaporates into air. Its vapor is heavier than air, which makes it sink into low-lying areas. Benzene dissolves only slightly in water and floats on top of it.Benzene is formed from both natural and man-made processes. Natural sources include volcanoes and forest fires. Benzene is also a natural constituent of crude oil and gasoline. Its most widely-produced derivatives include styrene, which is used to make polymers and plastics, phenol for resins and adhesives and cyclohexane, which is used to manufacture Nylon. About 80% of benzene is consumed in the production of three chemicals, ethylbenzene, cumene, and cyclohexane. Its most widely produced derivative is ethylbenzene, precursor to styrene, which is used to make polymers and plastics.

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Benzene Chloride

Benzene chloride is an aromatic organic compound. This colorless, flammable liquid is a common solvent and a widely used intermediate in the manufacture of other chemicals. The major use of chlorobenzene is as an intermediate in the production of commodities such as herbicides, dyestuffs, and rubber. Chlorobenzene is also used as a high-boiling solvent in many industrial applications as well as in the laboratory.

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Benzenesulfonic Acid

Benzenesulfonic acid is an organic compound. It is the simplest aromatic sulfonic acid. The alkali metal salt of benzenesulfonic acid is used in the production of phenol and resorcinol. Benzenesulfonic acid is also used as an acidic catalyst in esterification and dehydration reactions. A variety of pharmaceutical drugs are prepared as salts of benzenesulfonic acid and are known as besylates or besilates.

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Benzethonium Chloride

Benzethonium chloride is a synthetic quaternary ammonium salt. It has surfactant, antiseptic, and anti-infective properties, and it is used as a topical antimicrobial agent in first aid antiseptics. It is also found in cosmetics and toiletries such as mouthwashes, anti-itch ointments, and antibacterial moist towelettes. It is also used in the food industry as a hard surface disinfectant.

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Benzidamine Hydrochloride

Benzidamine hydrochloride is a locally-acting nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug with local anaesthetic and analgesic properties providing both rapid and extended pain relief as well as a significant anti-inflammatory treatment for the painful inflammatory conditions of the mouth and throat.

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Benzil

Benzil is the organic compound and one of the most common diketones.Its main use is as a photoinitiator in polymer chemistry. Benzil used in the preparation of Phenytoin.

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Benzobarbital

Benzobarbital is a barbiturate derivative. It has anticonvulsant effects and has been used for the treatment of epilepsy. It has similar liver enzyme inducing effects to the closely related drug phenobarbital, which may be exploited in some clinical applications.

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Benzoguanamine

Benzoguanamine is used as a cross-linking agent of alkyd and acrylic resin to increase thermoset properties. It is used as a raw material for guanamine resins. It is used as a modifier and flexibilizer of formaldehyde resins. It is used as a intermediate for pharmaceuticals.

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Benzohydrazide

Benzohydrazide is used as chemical reagent, organic intermediates, fine chemicals, pharmaceutical research and development.

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Benzoic Acid

Benzoic acid is the simplest aromatic carboxylic acid.It consists of a carboxyl group attached to a phenyl group.Its salts are used as a food preservative and benzoic acid is an important precursor for the synthesis of many other organic substances.It is primarily used in manufacturing of alkyd resins, phenol, sodium benzoate and other organic benzoates,food industry.

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