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Brexpiprazole

Brexpiprazole is a novel D2 dopamine partial agonist called serotonin-dopamine activity modulator (SDAM) approved for the treatment of schizophrenia, and as an adjunctive treatment for depression.

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Brimonidine D-Tartrate

Brimonidine D-Tartrate is a relatively selective α-2 adrenergic agonist for ophthalmic use.It is a prescription eye drop. It is approved to treat high eye pressure in people with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension. It has a peak ocular hypotensive effect occurring at two hours post-dosing. It binds to and activates alpha receptors in the eye, causing two important effects. It decreases the amount of fluid (known as aqueous humor) produced by the eye and increases the rate of drainage.

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Brinzolamide

Brinzolamide is a carbonic anhydrase inhibitor used to lower intraocular pressure in patients with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension. Brinzolamide is a highly specific inhibitor of CA-II, which is the main CA isoenzyme involved in the secretion of aqueous humor. Brinzolamide can decrease intraocular pressure by approximately 16-19% in patients with elevated intraocular pressure.

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Brofaromine

Brofaromine is a reversible inhibitor of monoamine oxidase A primarily useful in the treatment of depression and anxiety. It also has serotonin reuptake inhibitory properties and its dual pharmacologic effects offer promise in the treatment of a wide spectrum of depressed patients while producing less severe anticholinergic side effects in comparison with standard drugs although it is not commercially available and is not being actively researched, possibly due to a lack of financial interest.

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Bromine

Bromine is in the halogen element group. Both eminent scientist Antoine Balard and Justus von Liebig discovered bromine. Bromine is the only liquid nonmetallic element. It is a member of the halogen group. It is a heavy, volatile, mobile, dangerous reddish-brown liquid. Bromine atoms may also react directly with other radicals to help terminate the free radical chain-reactions that characterize combustion. Bromine is available commercially so it is not normally necessary to make it in the laboratory. Bromine also occurs in seawater as the sodium salt but in much smaller quantities than chloride. It is recovered commercially through the treatment of seawater with chlorine gas and flushing through with air. Bromine is used in industry to make organobromo compounds. A major one was dibromoethane an agent for leaded gasoline, before they were largely phased out due to environmental considerations. Other organ bromines are used as insecticides, in fire extinguishers and to make pharmaceuticals. Bromine is used in making fumigants, dyes, flame proofing agents, water purification compounds, sanitizes, medicinals, agents for photography and in brominates vegetable oil, used as emulsifier in many citrus-flavored soft drinks. Bromine is also used in the production of brominated vegetable oil, which is used as an emulsifier in many citrus-flavored soft drinks. Bromine will also oxidize metals and metalloids to the corresponding bromides

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Bromoacetic Acid

Bromoacetic acid is a relatively strong alkylating agent. Bromoacetic acid and its esters are widely used as chemical intermediates for the manufacturing other compounds and pharmaceuticlas.

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Bromochlorosalicylanilide

Bromochlorosalicylanilide is an antifungal. It may cause allergic contact dermatitis in some individuals.

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Bromocriptine

Bromocriptine is a semisynthetic derivative of a natural ergot alkaloid, ergocriptin (a derivative of lysergic acid), which is synthesized by bromination of ergocriptin using N-bromosuccinimide. Bromocriptine an ergoline derivative, is a dopamine agonist that is used in the treatment of pituitary tumors, Parkinson's disease (PD), hyperprolactinaemia, neuroleptic malignant syndrome, and type 2 diabetes. Bromocriptine is a potent agonist at dopamine D2 receptors and various serotonin receptors. It also inhibits the release of glutamate, by reversing the glutamate GLT1 transporter.

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Bromoform

Bromoform is produced naturally by phytoplankton and seaweeds in the ocean and this is thought to be the predominant source to the environment . However locally significant amounts of bromoform enter the environment formed as disinfection byproducts known as the trihalomethanes when chlorine is added to drinking water to kill bacteria. It is somewhat soluble in water and readily evaporates into the air.Bromoform, a haloform, is used as a solvent for waxes, greases, and oils.Bromoform is used as an ingredient in fire resistant chemicals and in fluid gauges. It is also used as an intermediate in manufacturing agrochemical and organic synthesis. It is also used as a polymerization agent, as a sedative, and as a cough suppression agent in medical field. Bromoform is a heavy liquid used for th

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