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Iclazepam

Iclazepam is a drug which is a benzodiazepine derivative. It has sedative and anxiolytic effects similar to those produced by other benzodiazepine derivatives, and is around the same potency as chlordiazepoxide. It is a derivative of nordazepam substituted with a cyclopropylmethoxyethyl group on the N1 nitrogen. Once in the body, iclazepam is quickly metabolised to nordazepam and its N-(2-hydroxyethyl) derivative, which are thought to be mainly responsible for its effects.

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Idebenone

Idebenone is an experimental drug, initially developed by Takeda Pharmaceutical Company for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease and other cognitive defects. This has been met with limited success. The Swiss company Santhera Pharmaceuticals has started to investigate it for the treatment of neuromuscular diseases. As of May 2010, early clinical trials for the treatment of Friedreich's ataxia and Duchenne muscular dystrophy have been completed. Chemically, idebenone is an organic compound of the quinone family. It is also promoted commercially as a synthetic analog of coenzyme Q10.

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Imidazole

Imidazole is an organic compound. This aromatic heterocyclic is a diazole and is classified as an alkaloid. Imidazole refers to the parent compound whereas imidazoles are a class of heterocycles with similar ring structure but varying substituents. This ring system is present in important biological building blocks such as histidine, and the related hormone histamine. It can serve as a base and as a weak acid. Many drugs contain an imidazole ring, such as antifungal drugs and nitroimidazole. It has been used extensively as a corrosion inhibitor on certain transition metals, such as copper. Many compounds of industrial and technological importance contain imidazole derivatives. The thermostable polybenzimidazole PBI contains imidazole fused to a benzene ring and linked to a benzene, and acts as a fire retardant.It can also be found in various compounds which are used for photography and electronics.

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Imiquimod

Imiquimod is an immune response modifier that acts as a toll-like receptor 7 agonist. Imiquimod is commonly used topically to treat warts on the skin of the genital and anal areas.Imiquimod's mechanism of action is via stimulation of innate and acquired immune responses, which ultimately leads to inflammatory cell infiltration within the field of drug application followed by apoptosis of diseased tissue. Imiquimod does not have direct antiviral activity.Symptoms of overdose include flu-like symptoms, such as fever, fatigue, headache, nausea, diarrhoea and muscle pain.

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Indinavir

Indinavir is a potent and specific HIV protease inhibitor that appears to have good oral bioavailability.Indinavir inhibits the HIV viral proteinase enzyme which prevents cleavage of the gag-pol polyprotein, resulting in noninfectious, immature viral particles.Symptoms of overdose include myocardial infarction and angina pectoris.

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Iodixanol

Iodixanol is a nonionic hydrophilic compound commonly used as a contrast agent during coronary angiography, particularly in individuals with renal dysfunction, as it is believed to be less toxic to the kidneys than most other intravascular contrast agents.

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Ionomycin

Ionomycin is an ionophore. It is used in research to raise the intracellular level of calcium (Ca2+) and as a research tool to understand Ca2+ transport across biological membranes. It is also used to stimulate the intracellular production of the following cytokines; interferon, perforin, IL-2, and IL-4 - usually in conjunction with PMA.

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Iopamidol

Iopamidol is in a group of drugs called radiopaque contrast agents. Iopamidol contains iodine, a substance that absorbs x-rays. Iopamidol is used to help diagnose certain disorders of the heart, brain, blood vessels, and nervous system. It is also used for the angiography throughout the cardiovascular system, including cerebral and peripheral arteriography, coronary arteriography and ventriculography, pediatric angiocardiography, selective visceral arteriography and aortography, peripheral venography (phlebography).

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Isoniazid

Isoniazid is an organic compound that is the first-line antituberculosis medication in prevention and treatment. It also has an antidepressant effect, and it was one of the first antidepressants discovered.

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Ivacaftor

Ivacaftor is an experimental drug candidate for the treatment of cystic fibrosis. The drug is designed to be effective in patients that have the G551D mutation in the defective protein that causes the disease. The drug is currently in Phase 3 clinical trials and has showed promising results for this subset of cystic fibrosis patients. Cystic fibrosis is caused by a defect in a protein, cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator, which regulates fluid flow within cells and affects the components of sweat, digestive fluids, and mucus. Ivacaftor potentiates the effect of the defective protein to restore a more normal function.

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