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Oxygen

Oxygen is a member of the chalcogen group on the periodic table, and is a highly reactive nonmetallic period 2 element that readily forms compounds with almost all other elements. It was independently discovered by Carl Wilhelm Scheele, in Uppsala, in 1773 or earlier, and Joseph Priestley in Wiltshire, in 1774, but Priestley is often given priority because his work was published first. The name oxygen was coined in 1777 by Antoine Lavoisier, whose experiments with oxygen helped to discredit the popular phlogiston theory of combustion and corrosion. Uptake of oxygen from the air is the essential purpose of respiration, so oxygen supplementation is used in medicine. Treatment not only increases oxygen levels in the patient's blood, but has the secondary effect of decreasing resistance to blood flow in many types of diseased lungs, easing work load on the heart. Oxygen therapy is used to treat emphysema, pneumonia, some heart disorders, some disorders that cause increased pulmonary artery pressure, and any disease that impairs the body's ability to take up and use gaseous oxygen. Other uses of oxygen include the production of steel, plastics and textiles, rocket propellant, and life support in aircraft, submarines, spaceflight and diving.

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Palladium(II) Acetate

Palladium(II) acetate is a chemical compound of palladium. It is considered more reactive than the analogous platinum compound. It is a catalyst for many organic reactions by combining with many common classes of organic compounds such as alkenes, dienes, and alkyl, aryl, and vinyl halides to form reactive adducts. It is used to produce other palladium(II) compounds.

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Phosphorus

Phosphorus is a multivalent nonmetal of the nitrogen group. It is a component of DNA, RNA, ATP, and also the phospholipids that form all cell membranes. It is thus an essential element for all living cells, and organisms tend to accumulate and concentrate it. Today, the most important commercial use of phosphorus-based chemicals is the production of fertilizers, to replace the phosphorus that plants remove from the soil. It is widely used to make organophosphorus compounds. It is also an important component in steel production, in the making of phosphor bronze, and in many other related products. Phosphates are utilized in the making of special glasses that are used for sodium lamps.

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Potassium Stearate

Potassium Stearate is used in plastic industry as well as in cosmetics. It is used as flatting and sanding agents in lacquers, coatings & inks. They can be applied in tablet manufacturing. It is used as drying lubricants and dusting agents for rubbers. It is used as catalysts in chemical synthesis and emulsifiers for emulsion polymerization of synthetic rubber and resin which can be approved for use in food contact applications,also used as waterproofing additives and ointments.

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Potassium Tetrachloroaurate

Potassium Tetrachloroaurate is a raw material for synthesis of new gold(III) dithiolate complexes for luminescence studies or possible uses as photosensitizers or photocatalysts. Potassium Tetrachloroaurate is mainly used for gold electroplating process.

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Rhenium Carbonyl

Rhenium carbonyl is a light greenish-yellow crystals It is a metal carbonyl.

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Ruthenium Carbonyl

Ruthenium carbonyl is a orange coloured crystals. It is a type of metal carbonyl used in synthesis of other carbonyl compounds.

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