Sweeteners Substitutors sugar with Low Energy, Calories



Neohesperidin is a natural new nutrition sweetener widely existing in plants of dry orange peel, can be derived from extraction. Since the sweetness are 1300-1500 times than sugar, Neohesperidin is widely used in fruit juice, wine, beverage, bakery and pharmaceutical formulations sweeteners (Jiao deodorant), and particularly suitable for diabetic patients as food. In addition, it also can cure capillary fragility and protein permeability excessive. It is referred to as the maintenance of capillary permeability of vitamin or vitamin P, can be used as hypertension and myocardial infarction drugs. As pharmaceutical raw materials in pharmaceutical industry, it is the main components of Chinese patent medicines Naomaitong.

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Neohesperidin Dihydrochalcone

Neosperidin dihydrochalcone is an artificial sweetener derived from citrus. It was discovered during the 1960s as part of a United States Department of Agriculture research program to find methods for minimizing the taste of bitter flavorants in citrus juices. As a flavour enhancer, it is used in a wide range of products. Pharmaceutical companies are fond of the product as a means of reducing the bitterness of pharmacological drugs in tablet form, and it has been used for livestock feed as a means of reducing feeding time. Other products NHDC can be found in may include a wide variety of alcoholic beverages, savoury foods, toothpaste, mouthwash and condiments such as ketchup and mayonnaise.

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Neotame is an artificial sweetener made by NutraSweet that is between 7,000 and 13,000 times sweeter than sucrose. Neotame is moderately heat stable and extremely potent. It is rapidly metabolized and completely eliminated and does not appear to accumulate in the body. It is chemically similar to the artificial sweetener aspartame but is used at vastly lower levels and is more stable. Chemically, it has a 3,3-dimethylbutyl group attached to the amino group of the aspartic acid portion of the molecule. Peptidases, which would typically break the peptide bond between the aspartic acid and phenylalanine moieties, are effectively blocked by the presence of the 3,3-dimethylbutyl moiety, thus reducing the production of phenylalanine, thereby making its consumption by those who suffer from phenylketonuria safe.

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Perillartine is a sweetener that is about 2000 times as sweet as sucrose. It is mainly used in Japan.

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Raffinose can be hydrolyzed to D-galactose and sucrose by the enzyme α-galactosidase (α-GAL), an enzyme not found in the human digestive tract. α-GAL also hydrolyzes other α-galactosides such as stachyose, verbascose, and galactinol, if present. The enzyme does not cleave β-linked galactose, as in lactose.

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Saccharin is an artificial sweetener. The basic substance, benzoic sulfilimine, has effectively no food energy and is much sweeter than sucrose, but has a bitter or metallic aftertaste, especially at high concentrations. It is used to sweeten products such as drinks, candies, biscuits, medicines, and toothpaste.

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Sodium Cyclamate

Sodium cyclamate is an artificial sweetener. It is 30–50 times sweeter than sugarIt is often used synergistically with other artificial sweeteners, especially saccharin; the mixture of 10 parts cyclamate to 1 part saccharin is common and masks the off-tastes of both sweeteners. It is less expensive than most sweeteners, including sucralose, and is stable under heating.

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Sodium Saccharin

Saccharin Sodium is a white, crystalline, aromatic compound.It is used in cosmetic products, vitamins,pharmaceuticals, beverages,foods.

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Sorbitol is a sugar alcohol that the human body metabolizes slowly. It can be obtained by reduction of glucose, changing the aldehyde group to a hydroxyl group. It is found in apples, pears, peaches, and prunes. It is synthesized by sorbitol-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, and converted to fructose by succinate dehydrogenase and sorbitol dehydrogenase. It is often used in diet foods, mints, cough syrups, and sugar-free chewing gum. It can be used as a non-stimulant laxative via an oral suspension or enema, and like other sugar alcohols with the exception of erythritol, may cause inadvertent GI distress when consuming food products with sorbitol in excess. It works by drawing water into the large intestine, thereby stimulating bowel movements. Sorbitol, combined with kayexalate, helps the body rid itself of excess potassium ions in a hyperkalaemic state. The kayexalate exchanges sodium ions for potassium ions in the bowel, while sorbitol helps to eliminate it. Sorbitol often is used in modern cosmetics as a humectant and thickener. It is used in mouthwash and toothpaste.

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