1-Butanol Properties, Molecular Formula, Applications - WorldOfChemicals

1-Butanol Properties


Phenylacetaldehyde dehydrogenase-Molecule 3D Struture
Molecule 3D Structure Image
Phenylacetaldehyde dehydrogenase-Molecule Struture
Molecule Structure Image



1-Butanol is a primary alcohol with a 4-carbon structure. Butanol is one of the group of "fusel alcohols",which have more than two carbon atoms and have significant solubility in water. It occurs naturally as a minor product of the fermentation of sugars and other carbohydrates, and is present in many foods and beverages. It is also used in a wide range of consumer products. The largest use of 1-butanol is as an industrial intermediate, particularly for the manufacture of butyl acetate. It is a petrochemical, manufactured from propylene and usually used close to the point of manufacture. Other industrial uses include the manufacture of pharmaceuticals, polymers, pyroxylin plastics, herbicide esters and butyl xanthate. It is also used as a diluent/reactant in the manufacture of urea-formaldehyde and melamine-formaldehyde resins. It is used as an ingredient in perfumes and as a solvent for the extraction of essential oils. It as been proposed as a substitute for diesel fuel and gasoline.

Chemical Properties

AR Assay 99.5%
Appearance Colorless liquid
Boiling Point 117.7 °C
CAS Number 71-36-3
ChEBI 28885
Density 0.8098 g/cm3
Dipole Moment 1.52 D
EINECS Number 200-751-6
HPLC Assay 99.8%
HS Code 2905.13
IUPAC Name Butan-1-ol
InChI 1S/C4H10O/c1-2-3-4-5/h5H,2-4H2,1H3
LR Assay 99.0%
Main Hazards 1-Butanol can causes anesthesia, nausea, headache, dizziness, irritation of respiratory passages. 1-Butanol can causes mild irritation to the skin and eyes.
Melting Point -89.5 °C
Molar Mass 74.122 g/mol
Molecular Formula C4H10O
NFPA 704 H-1,F-3,R-0,C-NA
RTECS Number EO1400000
Refractive n20/D 1.399
Related Compounds Butyraldehyde;Butyric Acid;Butylene
SPECTRO Assay 99.8%
Solubility 7.7 g/100 ml
Synonyms 1-Butanol;n-Butanol;Butyl Alcohol;Butyl Hydroxide;Methylolpropane;Propylcarbinol;n-Butyl Alcohol;Normal Butanol
Viscosity 3 cP