1-Docosanol Properties, Molecular Formula, Applications - WorldOfChemicals

1-Docosanol Properties


Molecule 3D Structure Image
Molecule Structure Image



1-Docosanol is a saturated fatty alcohol used traditionally as an emollient, emulsifier, and thickener in cosmetics, nutritional supplement, and more recently approved as an antiviral agent for reducing the duration of cold sores caused by the herpes simplex virus. The presumed mechanism of action in docosanol is by inhibiting the fusion of the human host cell with the viral envelope of the herpes virus, thus preventing its replication.

Chemical Properties

Appearance White powder
Boiling Point 180 °C
CAS Number 661-19-8
ChEBI 31000
EINECS Number 211-546-6
HS Code 29051900
IUPAC Name Docosan-1-ol
InChI 1S/C22H46O/c1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-15-16-17-18-19-20-21-22-23/h23H,2-22H2,1H3
Melting Point 71 °C
Molar Mass 326.6 g mol−1
Molecular Formula C22H46O
RTECS Number JR1315000
Solubility Insoluble
Synonyms Behenic alcohol;
Behenyl alcohol;
Cachalot BE-22;
Dehydag wax 22 (lanette);
Docosyl alcohol;
Emery 3304;
Loxiol VPG 1451;
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