Acrylonitrile Properties, Molecular Formula, Applications - WorldOfChemicals

Acrylonitrile Properties

Acrylonitrile

Molecule 3D Structure Image
Molecule Structure Image

Description

 

Acrylonitrile is a colorless liquid with pungent-smell .It is an important monomer for the manufacture of useful plastics.Acrylonitrile is used principally as a monomer in the manufacture of synthetic polymers, especially polyacrylonitrile which comprises acrylic fibers. Acrylic fibers are, among other uses, precursor for well-known carbon-fiber. It is also a component of synthetic rubber. Dimerization of acrylonitrile affords adiponitrile, used in the synthesis of certain Nylons. Small amounts are also used as a fumigant.

Chemical Properties

Appearance Colourless Liquid
Boiling Point 77 °C
CAS Number 107-13-1
ChEBI 28217
Chemical Composition Oxygen;Silica Gel;Ammonium Sulfate;Carbomer 940;Trimethylamine Hydrochloride;Propylene;Hydrogen Cyanide;Magnesium Carbonate;Bismuth;Lactonitrile;Extraction Column
Density 0.81 g/cm3
EINECS Number 203-466-5
HS Code 29261000
IUPAC Name 2-Propenenitrile
InChI InChI=1S/C3H3N/c1-2-3-4/h2H,1H2
InChIKey NLHHRLWOUZZQLW-UHFFFAOYSA-N
LR Assay 99.0%
Lab Grade LR
Main Hazards Acrylonitrile vapor inhalation may cause weakness, headache, sneezing, abdominal pain, and vomiting. Ingestion produced nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain. Large amounts of liquid are absorbed through the skin; lesser amounts cause stinging and sometime blisters. Acrylonitrile contact with eyes causes severe irritation.
Melting Point -84 °C
Molar Mass 53.06 g/mol
Molecular Formula C3H3N
NFPA 704 H-4, F-3,R- 2, C-NA
RTECS Number AT5250000
Refractive 1.391n20/D
Related Compounds Acrylic acid;
Acrolein
Solubility Soluble
Synonyms Acrylonitrile(8CI);Acrylon;Carbacryl;Cyanoethene;Cyanoethylene;Fumigrain;NSC 6362;Propenenitrile;VCN;Ventox;Vinyl cyanide;2-Propenenitrile
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