Adenosine Tri-phosphate Properties, Molecular Formula, Applications - WorldOfChemicals

Adenosine Tri-phosphate Properties

Adenosine Tri-phosphate

Molecule 3D Structure Image
Molecule Structure Image



Adenosine-5'-triphosphate is a multifunctional nucleotide used in cells as a coenzyme. It is often called the molecular unit of currency of intracellular energy transfer.It transports chemical energy within cells for metabolism. It is produced by photophosphorylation and cellular respiration and used by enzymes and structural proteins in many cellular processes, including biosynthetic reactions, motility, and cell division.One molecule of ATP contains three phosphate groups, and it is produced by ATP synthase from inorganic phosphate and adenosine diphosphate (ADP) or adenosine monophosphate (AMP).It is used as a substrate in signal transduction pathways by kinases that phosphorylate proteins and lipids,adenylate cyclase.

Chemical Properties

Acidity 6.5
CAS Number 56-65-5
ChEBI 15422
Density 1.04 g/cm3
EINECS Number 200-283-2
IUPAC Name [(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-Aminopurin-9-Yl)-3,4-Dihydroxyoxolan-2-Yl]Methyl(Hydroxyphosphonooxyphosphoryl)Hydrogen Phosphate
InChI 1S/C10H16N5O13P3.2Na/c11-8-5-9(13-2-12-8)15(3-14-5)10-7(17)6(16)4(26-10)1-25-30(21,22)28-31(23,24)27-29(18,19)20;;/h2-4,6-7,10,16-17H,1H2,(H,21,22)(H,23,24)(H2,11,12,13)(H2,18,19,20);;/q;2*+1/p-2/t4-,6-,7-,10-;;/m1../s1
Melting Point 187 - 190ºC
Molar Mass 507.18 g/mol
Molecular Formula C10H16N5O13P3
Synonyms 5’-Atp;9-Beta-D-Arabinofuranosyladenine5’-Triphosphate;Adenosine5’-(Tetrahydrogentriphosphate);Adenylpyrophosphoricacid;Adephos;Adetol;Adynol;ATP