Alprazolam Properties, Molecular Formula, Applications - WorldOfChemicals

Alprazolam Properties


Molecule 3D Structure Image
Molecule Structure Image



Alprazolam belongs to a group of drugs called benzodiazepines (ben-zoe-dye-AZE-eh-peens). It works by slowing down the movement of chemicals in the brain that may become unbalanced. Alprazolam is used to treat anxiety disorders, panic disorders, and anxiety caused by depression. Alprazolam is available for oral administration in compressed tablet (CT) and extended-release capsule (XR) formulations. Alprazolam possesses anxiolytic, sedative, hypnotic, skeletal muscle relaxant, anticonvulsant, and amnestic properties. Alprazolam is classified as a schedule IV controlled substance by the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). Alprazolam may also be indicated for the treatment of Generalized Anxiety Disorder, as well as for the treatment of anxiety conditions with co-morbid depression. Alprazolam is also often prescribed with instances of hypersomnia and co-morbid sleep deficits. It however is not a first line treatment, since the development of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, and alprazolam is no longer recommended for the treatment of panic disorder due to concerns regarding tolerance, dependence and abuse.

Chemical Properties

Appearance White Crystalline Solid
Boiling Point 509°C
Brand Name Alplax;Alpronax;Alviz;Bestrol;Cassadan;Constan;D 65MT; Esparon; Frontal; Intensol; Niravam; Restyl; Solanax;Tafil;Tranax;Trankimazin;TranquinalXanax(Australia); (Canada Ontario);(New Zealand); (Slovakia); Xanax XR; Xanor(Austria); (Norway);(Sweden)
CAS Number 28981-97-7
Density 1.36 g/cm3
IUPAC Name 8-Chloro-1-methyl-6-phenyl-4H-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a][1,4]benzodiazepine
InChI 1S/C17H13ClN4/c1-11-20-21-16-10-19-17(12-5-3-2-4-6-12)14-9-13(18)7-8-15(14)22(11)16/h2-9H,10H2,1H3
Melting Point 228-228.5°C
Molar Mass 308.765 g/mol
Molecular Formula C17H13ClN4
RTECS Number XZ5473000
Solubility 40 mg/l
Synonyms TUS-1