Aluminium Oxide Properties, Molecular Formula, Applications - WorldOfChemicals

Aluminium Oxide Properties

Aluminium Oxide

Molecule Structure Image

Description

 

Aluminium oxide is an amphoteric oxide. Its most significant use is in the production of aluminium metal, although it is also used as an abrasive owing to its hardness and as a refractory material owing to its high melting point. Being fairly chemically inert and white, alumina is a favored filler for plastics. Alumina is a common ingredient in sunscreen and is sometimes present in cosmetics such as blush, lipstick, and nail polish. Alumina catalyses a variety of reactions that are useful industrially. In its largest scale application, alumina is the catalyst in the Claus process for converting hydrogen sulfide waste gases into elemental sulfur in refineries. It is also useful for dehydration of alcohols to alkenes. It is widely used to remove water from gas streams. Aluminium oxide is used for its hardness and strength. It is widely used as a coarse or fine abrasive, including as a much less expensive substitute for industrial diamond. Aluminium oxide flakes are base material for effect pigments. These pigments are widely used for decorative applications. It is also used in preparation of coating suspensions in compact fluorescent lamps. In chemistry laboratories, alumina is a medium for chromatography, available in basic, acidic and neutral formulations. Health and medical applications include it as a material in hip replacements. As well, it is used as a dosimeter for radiation protection and therapy applications for its optically stimulated luminescence properties.

Chemical Properties

Appearance White Solid
Boiling Point 2980°C
CAS Number 1344-28-1
Density 3.95-4.1 g/cm3
EINECS Number 215-691-6
HS Code 28181010
IUPAC Name Dialuminum Oxygen
InChI 1S/2Al.3O/q2*+3;3*-2
InChIKey PNEYBMLMFCGWSK-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Melting Point 2040 °C
Molar Mass 101.96 g/mol
Molecular Formula Al2O3
NFPA 704 H-1,F-0,R-0,C-NA
RTECS Number BD1200000
Solubility Insoluble
Synonyms Aluminium Oxide;Aluminum Oxide;AD 998;AES 11C;AES 22S;AES-T;AF 115;AFL 204AB3;AG 507C;AKP 008;AKP 100;AKP 20;AKP 28;AKP 53;AKP 700;AKP-G;AKP-G005;AKP-G 020;AKP-G 030;AKP-HP;AL 15-1;AL 15-2;AL 160SG-III;AL 160SG3;AL 160SG4;AL 200;AL 203-05;AL 203C;AL 20SD;AL23;AL31-03;AL 33;AL 3945E;AL 41;Activated Alumina;1067-2M;202P1;24A;272LA-A5;A 12-4;A 1203C;A 13;A 13M;A 152GR;A 152SG;A16;A 16SG;A 16UG;AA 03;AA 10;AA 2;AA 3;AA 400G;AC 11;AC 11K;AC 11R;Alumina;Corundum